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There are 5 basic steps to build a broadband fiber network from scratch. It can be expected to take several years from start to finish.
The BBTF has complete steps 1 and 2. Once funding is secured, it can be estimated to take another 3-5 years to fully complete the project.
Depending on the PFSA boundary, the project budget is estimated to range from $30M-$66M. The funding is expected to be a public private partnership; a blend of federal/state grant dollars, private investors and possibly a millage.
Funding mechanism not allowed for this type of project
Yes. That Township would then be responsible for all 5 steps of the process.
Possibly. Remember that taxable value increases are limited by the Headlee Amendment. The SEV is a different number and tracks with the market value of a property. Property taxes are calculated on the taxable value within the constraints of the Headlee amendment.
It depends on the financing and rate structure. If property owners pool their money to fund the project, the per investor cost will vary. If a millage is approved, the cost will be determined by taxable property value, reflected in the rate structure, the length of the millage and the interest rate on the bond to be paid off.
In Lyndon Township (2020), a resident can choose from 3 unlimited fiber internet plans; ranging from 25 Mbps @ $34.95/month to 1 Gps @ $69.95/month. http://www.lyndonbroadband.org/faq/# + millage
In Sharon Township (2017), it was estimated that the monthly cost for the average property owner ($77,000 taxable value) would be under $100 ($35 for unlimited high-speed broadband plus approximately $45 per month for the millage.)
The Lyndon Township broadband web site features a comprehensive list.
Two techniques were used to survey the 15 townships.
The for-profit ISPs require a defined return on their investment (ROI) over a prescribed period of time. In the rural areas, where population densities are lower, the ROI takes too long to satisfy their shareholders.
We’re working on it! The polarized partisan nature of Michigan’s legislature and the Congress makes consensus challenging at this time. The political will of our elected officials, will determine the direction of future public policy and funding.
Resource: Community Broadband Access Framework http://www.mbcoop.org/resources-2
The following inspections are required:
*Trade inspections can be done in conjunction with another inspection on the same permit without an extra fee. For example, more than one inspection can be performed per trip and the cost will be the same as one inspection. The fee is charged per trip.
**Most manufactured homes do not have a need for rough inspections, because they have been approved at the factory. Exception: Work to the manufactured unit that has been field installed and will be covered must have a rough inspection.
The following violations are often noted:
Washtenaw County Building Department enforces the 2014 National Electrical Code (NEC) with State Part 8 amendments. Inspections include:
*Trade inspections can be done in conjunction with another inspection on the same permit without an extra fee. For example more than one inspection can be performed per trip and the cost will be the same as one inspection. The fee is charged per trip.
**Most manufactured homes only require permanent service and final inspections, because they have been approved at the factory. Exception: Work to the manufactured unit that has been field installed and will be covered must have a rough inspection.
The following violations are often noted:
Washtenaw County Building Department enforces the 2015 Michigan Mechanical Code. Inspections include:
**Most manufactured homes only need final inspections, because they have been approved at the factory. Exception: Work to the manufactured unit that has been field installed and will be covered must have a rough inspection, including field installed gas lines.
***If you have a mechanical fireplace, the insulation in the chase and its method of attachment must be inspected by the Building Inspector. Do not cover, even if you have an approval from the Mechanical Inspector - that approval is only for the mechanical installation!
The following violations are often found:
Any individual or firm that will engage in the construction or alteration of any residential or commercial structure needs a permit. Permits are typically required for the following:
Projects that do not require a permit:
There are five different types of permits:
You generally apply for your permits when you submit your plans for Plan Review.
Permits allow the enforcement of the State Construction Code Act, which has been adopted by law. This provides the means for Building Officials to protect us by reducing the potential hazards of unsafe construction, therefore protecting the public health, safety and welfare. Before any construction or remodeling work begins, application for a permit must be made. Permits provide the means for Building Inspectors to inspect construction to ensure that minimum standards are met and appropriate materials are used. The unit of government which enforces the code is acting to assure safe construction.
Building Officials and inspectors use permits as a vital step in their enforcement of codes. You have an investment in the home or business you are about to build or remodel. When that home or business building does not comply with the codes, your investment could be reduced. Applying for a permit notifies the Building Official that you are constructing or remodeling a building so he or she can ensure code compliance.
Obtaining a permit is a relatively simple process. If you are building a new structure or an addition to an existing structure you may need permits or waivers from:
Yes. The following projects do not require plan review:
The following may submit plans:
The following plans are required to be sealed:
Washtenaw County Building Department enforces the 2015 Michigan Plumbing Code. Inspections required:
*Trade inspections can be done in conjunction with another inspection on the same permit without an extra fee. For example, more than one inspection can be performed per trip (same trade only) and the cost will be the same as one inspection. The fee is charged per trip.
**Most manufactured homes only need final inspections, because they have been approved at the factory. Exception: Work to the manufactured unit that has been field installed and will be covered must have a rough inspection.
Violations that are often found are:
A swimming pool is any structure that contains water over 24 inches in depth and which is used or intended to be used for swimming or recreational bathing in single family homes. This includes hot tubs, above ground, and in-ground pools.
The plan requirements are as follows:
The following inspections are required:
The Washtenaw Intermediate School District is contracted to provide services for students at the Washtenaw County Youth Center. Students have six hours of class time per day. There are a maximum of ten students per class. We use Edgenuity, an online education tool, and direct instruction to assess and advance students' learning.
Aligned to the state of Michigan's policies and philosophy, we focus on mastery of content, rather than the time spent on tasks. This means, at times, we will test students out of material they know, and look for every opportunity to help their transition in and out of the facility and work to keep them or get them on track with school. We focus on what each student needs to learn and grow. For some, that might be work in a specific subject, for others it might be the school behaviors and habits to return to their school. If you have any questions about your student's plan, please do not hesitate to contact us.
View contact information for the school staff:
For more on the state's definition of mastery of content, see the Michigan Department of Education guidelines (PDF). This resource also contains information about graduate requirements for the state of Michigan.
The MMC requires that credit be awarded based on a student’s demonstration that he or she has successfully met the content expectations for the credit area, not by the commonly used Carnegie unit, which is based on seat time. View the curriculum (PDF) for more information.
When your student exits our program, progress reports and credit recommendations, if credit was earned will be sent to you, the parent, and the home school district. If you have questions about credit or work while your student was with us, please do not hesitate to contact us at 734-973-4343.
To be eligible to register to vote you must be:
If you want to check to see if you are registered visit Michigan.gov/Vote. There you will find information about registering to vote and voting, voting equipment, polling place locations, sample ballots, and more.
You can register to vote when you are age 17 1/2. You may register to vote in person, by mail, or online at Michigan.gov/VoterRegistration up to 15 days prior to an election. Voters may also register in-person at their City or Township Clerk’s office within 14 days of an election, up to and including Election Day. A voter registering in the final 14 days, including Election Day, will need to show proof of residency in addition to proof of identity (or an ID that proves both. NOTE: Only voters registering in the final 14 days must show proof of residency while registering.
You may obtain the application at one of the following:
Michigan law states that the same address must be used for voter registration and driver’s license purposes. That means, if the residence address you provide on the application differs from the address shown on a driver’s license or personal identification card issued by the state of Michigan, the Secretary of State will automatically change your driver’s license or personal ID card address to match the residence address entered on this form. If a change is made, the Secretary of State will mail you an address update sticker for your driver’s license or personal ID card.
If you are living outside the U.S., you may send a Federal Postcard Application to register to vote. This application is distributed through U.S. embassies and military bases. It also serves as a way to request an absentee ballot.
No, registration is permanent as long as you continue to live in the city or township where you are registered.
If you move, you must submit a voter registration application to change your address or do so online at Michigan.gov/Vote.
Yes. You may register to vote by mail up to the 15th day prior to the election. To register by mail, fill out the voter registration form (PDF), and then mail it to your city or township clerk. Your application must be postmarked by the 15th day prior to the election. After that date you must register to vote in-person at your City or Township Clerk’s office.
If you have never registered to vote in Michigan and choose to mail in your application, you will need to meet an identification requirement. This means you must:
NEVER SEND AN ORIGINAL DOCUMENT!
Your city or township clerk will send you a voter registration card upon processing your application. The card will show where you vote on Election Day. You’re not required to show the registration card when you vote.
For directions and a map to your polling place, visit www.Michigan.gov/vote.
You should submit a voter registration application to the clerk of your city or township of your residence with the updated information so the Clerk can update your voter record. You may submit your change of address online at Michigan.gov/vote.
You must re-register with the clerk in your new city or township of residence.
Absent Voter ballots are available to registered voters for all elections. They provide a convenient method for casting a ballot when a voter is unable to attend the polls on election day. Voters do not need a reason to request an Absent Voter Ballot.
See here for more information on how to obtain an Absent Voter Ballot.
Requesting an Absent Voter Ballot
NEW! Sign Up to Receive an Absent Voter Ballot APPLICATION by Mail Prior to Every Election
VOTE BY MAIL – All registered voters have the right to vote by mail. Apply online or download an application at https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/avapplication
You can use this program to apply for an absent voter ballot or an accessible electronic absent voter ballot for upcoming elections in Michigan. To use the State’s website to make your request online, you need to be registered to vote in Michigan and have a valid Michigan driver’s license or state ID. If you need to register to vote, click on "Registering To Vote." If you don’t have a Michigan driver’s license or state ID but you are registered to vote, click on "Absentee Voting" for more information on how you can apply for an absent voter ballot.
Alternatively, your request for an absent voter ballot can be submitted to your city or township clerk (for assistance in obtaining the address of your city or township clerk, see Michigan.gov/Vote). You can request an absent voter ballot by submitting the application, large print application, a letter, a postcard, or a pre-printed application form obtained from your local clerk’s office. Requests may be returned by hand, via postal mail, fax, or email, as long as a signature is visible.
Requests to have an absent voter ballot mailed to you must be received by your clerk no later than 5 p.m. the Friday before the election. If you’re already registered at your current address, you can request an absent voter ballot in person at your clerk’s office anytime up to 4 p.m. on the day prior to the election. If you’re registering to vote or updating your address by appearing at your clerk’s office on Election Day, you can request an absent voter ballot at the same time you register. If you request your AV ballot the day before the election or on Election Day, you must vote the ballot in the clerk’s office.
Once your request is received by the local clerk, your signature on the request will be checked against your voter registration record before a ballot is issued. You must be a registered voter to receive an absent voter ballot, but you can register and apply for an absent voter ballot at the same time. Requests for absent voter ballots are processed immediately. Absent voter ballots may be issued to you at your home address or any address outside of your city or township of residence.
After receiving your absent voter ballot, you have until 8 p.m. on Election Day to complete the ballot and return it to the clerk’s office. Your ballot will not be counted unless your signature is on the return envelope and matches your signature on file. If you received assistance voting the ballot, then the signature of the person who helped you must also be on the return envelope. Only you, a family member or person residing in your household, a mail carrier, or election official is authorized to deliver your signed absent voter ballot to your clerk’s office.
If an emergency, such as a sudden illness or family death prevents you from reaching the polls on Election Day, you may request an emergency absent voter ballot. Requests for an emergency ballot must be submitted after the deadline for regular absent voter ballots has passed but before 4 p.m. on Election Day. The emergency must have occurred at a time which made it impossible for you to apply for a regular absent voter ballot. Please contact your local clerk for more information about emergency absent voter ballots.
Your completed absent voter ballot must be received by your city or township clerk’s office no later than 8 p.m. on the date of the election. Make sure you sign the return envelope before delivering it to the clerk.
Visit Michigan.gov/vote and enter your information.
If you do not know the location of your polling place visit Michigan.gov/vote or check with your city or township clerk.
In Michigan the polls are open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Election Day.
The procedure involves these steps:
Poll workers will provide information on voting procedures if you request it before you enter the voting station. Poll workers are not allowed to tell you how to vote, nor may they attempt to influence your vote in any way.
Answer any questions the Poll Workers may ask in attempting to confirm your registration. You may also contact your city or township clerk to confirm voter registration.
Confirm where you are registered to vote and where your polling location is at: Michigan.gov/Vote.
You may vote your ballot independently without the assistance of another person using the accessible Voter Assist Terminal present in your polling location.
You may request voting assistance from Poll Workers present in the polling location without stating a reason, in which case two Poll Workers (one representing each major political party) will render assistance. If you need assistance because you are blind, disabled or unable to read or write, you may ask anyone (except your employer, an agent of your employer or an officer or agent of your union) to give you assistance marking your ballot.
Yes, as long as the articles are for your personal use and you do not distribute or display them to other voters in the polling place. In addition, you may not leave any materials in the polling place.
Yes, as long as it is done at least 100 feet from any door used by voters to enter or exit the building in which the polls are located.
Campaign literature, apparel, buttons, stickers, etc. are not allowed within the polling location.
Voters are allowed to take a photograph of their own ballot but only while they are within the voting booth. Prohibitions on individuals include:
A Primary Election is held by political parties to select their nominees for the offices to be elected at the upcoming General Election. In a primary, Republicans run against Republicans and Democrats run against other Democrats. And, of course, if other parties qualify to appear on the primary ballot, their candidates run against each other as well. During a Primary voters may choose only one party to vote for.
A regular State Primary Election is held in August of every even year. Special primary elections are held as needed.
The General Election determines which candidates will occupy the offices that are up for election. In partisan races, candidates that were nominated at the Primary election compete for races along with any candidates without political party affiliation. Nonpartisan races typically appear on the General Election ballot as well, such as judicial, school and library board races.
A regular General Election is held in November of every even year. Special general elections are held as needed.
Unfortunately, we are not able to issue refunds. A lot goes into planning and logistics for this event, so if you are not able to make it on race day, you are able to transfer your registration to another person or you can still pick up your packet and goodies to keep on Packet Pick Up Day . If you would like to transfer your registration, please e-mail Rhonda Bouma.
No way! We want everyone to come out and help support the colors!
You sure can! The 5K will be on a paved path throughout the park.
Yes! As long as they know your shirt size, you will be all set!
Yes, everyone can join! Spectators must stay by the designated areas along the start/finish line during the race but can join in on the fun for the after party. There will be food, drinks, and merchandise for purchase.
Email Rhonda Bouma if you didn't find your question.
We will have volunteers with squirt bottles at every kilometer squirting participants with color. We teach our volunteers to aim for the body, never above the shoulders. With all of the teaching, there is a lot of flying powder through the air, so we suggest wearing extra protection for your eyes, mouth and nose.
Awesome! E-mail Hannah Cooley.
Great! Your next step is to print off the registration form for you and all of the participants that will be using your Groupon. You must bring the form with you to packet pack up or to the event and check in at the Groupon table. Here, you will get your goodie bag and t-shirt.
Sorry, Spike. No dogs allowed for this event.
Yes! It is made out of 100% cornstarch and is food grade. It is a non-toxic substance. As for any substance, we suggest wearing sunglasses or goggles and a bandanna over your mouth and nose for extra protection.
Nope. This is a un-timed event for all participants. If you are interested in what your time will be, we suggest doing self-timing for this event.
The color powder is 100% cornstarch and non-toxic. Before you register, check with your doctor or physician just to be sure you're able to participate. We suggest wearing goggles, sunglasses or a bandanna over your mouth and nose for that extra protection.
Yes! You can walk, jog, run, skip or dance your way to the finish line! We are looking for people who are wanting to be a part of cancer awareness for our surrounding communities.
A light rain will not stop the Colors of Cancer 5k, but if there are weather warnings the few days leading up to the event day, check our webpage, Facebook, and for updates.
Every participant will receive:
We will have music, color throwing, dancing, banner signing, sponsor vendors, food, etc. It will be an after-party for everyone to enjoy!
You can pick up your packet on September 21 from Noon until 7 p.m. at Rolling Hills County Park in the Water Park Offices.
The colors mostly washes out after an event. We suggest wearing items that you don't mind supporting the colors of cancer for a while. It will eventually come out of your clothing, but no guarantees. As for your car, most participants bring a towel to sit on for the ride home.
Yes! The race will be on a paved course throughout the park. We will also have one parking lot area that will be specifically designated for handicap pass vehicles. If the spaces in this lot become full, there is a paved path from the parking lots to the event area.
No. This model was created through the efforts of volunteers, coordinated funding partners’ staff, nonprofit agencies, and community leaders over a period of 8 months. It is unique in that private philanthropy and government are working together to respond to the nonprofit landscape across the county.
Programs that address the issues of:
No. Each partner maintains accountability and authority for distributing their unique funds. No dollars are exchanged or co-mingled.
For the program/operating funds process, a two-phased approach is used. This includes a pre-qualification phase that closely examines the financial reports, governance practices, and operational policies of all interested applicants. Following a rigorous review facilitated by United Way, applicants that meet core thresholds are eligible to apply for program operations funding.
Following training and with technical assistance during the application process, applicants then complete a streamlined online application. Applicants are informed of the scoring criteria that will be used in evaluating their requests prior to submitting their proposals.
A team of volunteers representing AAACF, UWWC and OCED work together to review requests for funding. Volunteers review the applications and score them using an online scoring tool available to all agencies for reference when completing their applications. Organizations can receive up to 100 points per application.
The Coordinated Funding Partners require bi-annual outcome and client demographic reports, annual site visits and an annual audit for the program operations funds. Terms of the funding and expectations are mutually agreed to in a contract.
Several years ago, Washtenaw County shifted from focusing on and funding outputs - that is, merely counting the number of people served, the number of shelter nights, or the numbers of classes or counseling sessions attended - to an outcome-oriented approach. Outcomes focus on what changes as a result of the above outputs or intervention. For example, a focus on the outcome of a services tells us how many people moved from shelter to stable housing, and, how many people maintained that housing. This outcome orientation allows for a better understanding of the impact of investments in specific programs.
Coordinated Funding enabled funders and agencies to advance this outcome approach by agreeing on a smaller single set of community-wide outcomes to measure for each priority area. Instead of collecting hundreds of diverse outcomes created in isolation by funded agencies, these agencies were asked to agree on a finite set of outcomes to measure service impact. These “community-wide outcomes” will allow Coordinated Funders, local policy-makers, and the community at-large to have a more manageable, coherent scorecard against which to measure impact.
Yes. Funded agencies have signed a contract which outlines their responsibilities and specifically addresses the consequences of failing to meet those responsibilities.
The Coordinated Funding Partners will continue to meet to address on-going implementation issues and concerns. Agencies provided input as the model was designed. The Coordinated Funding partners are committed to funding periodic, independent formal evaluations that will help us closely monitor both the successes and unintended consequences emerging from this approach.
Coordinated Funding represented a significant change in the way local public and private funding was distributed to meet community needs. Like all dramatic change efforts, Coordinated Funding had detractors. Some agency directors and leaders, who historically relied on relationships with individual funders to secure support for their programming, were afraid and skeptical about this new, outcome-oriented and collaborative approach to funding. Coordinated Funders encouraged agencies to give feedback, ask questions and contribute ideas, and worked hard to ensure that reality-based concerns were addressed and ideas incorporated in the planning and implementation process. As the Coordinated Funding process has progressed, initial concerns have disappeared, and feedback from nonprofits, policy-makers, donors, and the community has been very positive.
Your household must be at or below 80% of the area median income (AMI) level for Washtenaw County to qualify for the Furnace Test and Tune Program. Income eligibility is established based on the previous month of income for the entire household.
If you are eligible for any of the following assistance programs, then you may be automatically eligible for the Furnace Test and Tune Program (if documentation that shows this is included in application documents):
We cannot provide a test and tune for your furnace if it has been tuned up in the last three years.
We will assign a mechanical contractor to perform the test and tune. These contractors have all been through a strict screening process and have all the necessary training, certifications, and insurance to perform this work.
If you are a renter, we need a completed Landlord Consent Agreement (PDF) before we can complete work on the home.
Along with the Furnace Test & Tune Program, we also run the Weatherization Program and the Home Rehabilitation Program. Through the Weatherization Program we can provide insulation, air sealing, and other measures that make your home more energy efficient. The Home Rehabilitation Program offers some roof replacements and emergency furnace replacements. A separate application process is required for each program. Please call 734-544-3008 to see if you may qualify.
We do perform test and tunes for mobile homes. Some restrictions apply for attached housing such as condos and apartments, but if the home has a separate HVAC system and is metered separately, it may qualify for the program.
Your household must be at or below 80% AMI of the federal poverty level to qualify for the Weatherization Assistance Program. Income eligibility is established based on the previous 3 months income for the household.
UPDATE: 06/30/23 ~~ Income guidelines for the Weatherization program have been updated recently. The income limit has approximately doubled. Call 734-544-3008 for exact details to see if you might qualify under these new eligibility limits.
Add $9,450 for each additional household member.
If a member of the household receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI), State Disability Assistance (SDA), cash benefits through the Family Independence Program (FIP) then the applicant is automatically eligible for Weatherization. Receipt of any of these benefits within the previous 3 months makes an applicant eligible. We will need documentation of those benefits, and also documentation of any other income that the applicant may have.
The program is designed to perform energy saving repairs and measures. This can include but is not limited to:
We do not do any plumbing or electrical work. We do not install wheelchair ramps, fix gutters, repair steps, replace windows or address other issues unrelated to energy savings.
The application process may take up to three months. We have many new applicants and a detailed application review process has to be completed before you can be approved or denied. After approval, it can take up to 6 months or more before the project begins.
The Weatherization program does not replace windows. As an energy saving measure, new windows generally do not provide good energy savings.
In some cases we are able to do roof repairs if it allows us to perform other energy saving repairs such as adding attic insulation. It is however very rare and contingent on the availability of funds for the program to do a roof replacement. The need for a roof work can only be determined during the inspection, so it is beneficial to apply to the program if you would like to have your roof evaluated.
In some cases but only after the inspection takes place. If the applicant is without heat or hot water we will make our best effort to inspect the home quickly but will still need a completed application (PDF) with all required documentation before we can proceed.
Yes, we can weatherize rental units (single family up to a 4 Plex), but we have to have the approval of the landlord. Note that for duplexes to 4 Plex properties all residents must apply to the program at the same time, though not all residents of the property need to be eligible to receive help.
Note: The Department of Energy Regulations restrict the weatherization of 4 story or larger buildings.
Yes, but due to a required "savings to investment ratio," our grant requirements may mean that it is more difficult to move forward with improvements on a mobile home. A copy of the mobile home title must be submitted as proof of ownership. Please contact us so we can determine how to best serve your household.
We are able to replace a refrigerator. That decision is made based on the initial inspection which will determine the condition and current energy usage of the refrigerator. If we determine that we can replace the refrigerator we will order one and a delivery company will arrange with the client to deliver it to the house and remove the older unit. It is a one for one replacement. We remove the old unit and replace it with a basic white energy star rated model with a freezer on top. We make sure it is a comparable size, but do not install ice makers, side by sides, or any other luxury items.
Yes, clients are eligible to apply every 15 years.
In order to determine eligibility, the applicant must fill out a complete application. They also need to provide:
More documentation is better when it comes to an applicant. However, we do not need 3 months worth of documents. We can work with:
Letter and Number of the Day: During your first visit, you will be assigned a series of letters, numbers or colors by the Drug Testing Coordinator. These letters and numbers will be indicators as to when you are required to report. To determine if you should report for drug screening you must call 734-973-4605 for testing instructions. If your assigned number, letter, or color is designated on the recording, you are required to report on the designated day for testing.
Community Corrections provides oral testing and urine analysis. Levels of any positive substance appearing in a drug screen can be sent out to a certified SAMHSA lab for confirmation.
Alcohol, THC (Marijuana), Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Amphetamine, Opiates (Morphine), Methadone, Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates, ETG, K2,and Oxycontin,as well as a variety of other specialized substances.
We also test for the dilution or adulteration of any urine samples on site.
The court locations are as follows:
Yes. You will be paid for mileage at the rate of $0.10 per mile (round trip).
The Court does not offer any day care services.
Please wear clothing that is conservative, clean and comfortable. Shorts, tank tops and bare midriffs are not appropriate.
These items are prohibited in all 14A District Court buildings.
Some beverages and snacks are provided in the jury assembly area. You may bring your own food especially if you are a diabetic or on a special diet. Open food and beverages are not allowed in the courtrooms.
Those selected as potential jurors who fail to appear when called to jury service may be held in contempt of court. Thus, it is vitally important for those unable to attend for any reason to email the 14A District Court Jury Clerk in advance of the session to be excused.
You will receive $12.50 for the first half-day, and $25 for the first full-day of jury service. Subsequent days (if any) will be compensated at a rate of $20 for subsequent half-days and $40 for subsequent full-days. You will also receive mileage in the amount of $0.10 per mile (round trip) for each full or half day of jury service. Juror payments are processed the day of service when at all possible. If it is necessary to send a check, we process payments once per month and you may not receive your check until the end of the month following your month of service (almost two months after service.)
Jurors must be prompt in arriving at the court. A trial cannot begin unless all jurors are present. Jurors must give their undivided attention to the witnesses, attorneys, and proceedings. Remember that the outcome of the case is very important to those concerned.
The 14A District Court conducts jury trials throughout the month of service. This means that your term of service will last for the duration of the selection process (typically 1 day) or the duration of one trial if you are seated on a jury (typically 1 to 2 additional days.) District Court trials are for misdemeanor criminal offenses (offenses in which a convicted defendant may be sentenced up to a maximum of 1 year in jail) and civil law suits in which the amount in dispute is less than $25,000. Jury trials for these types of cases generally last anywhere from 1 day to 1 week, although occasionally a trial may continue beyond 1 week.
Your employer is required by law to release you for jury service. An employer who discharges or disciplines or threatens to discharge or discipline an employee because that person is summoned for jury service may be charged with a misdemeanor and also may be punished for contempt of court. In addition, an employer may be charged with a misdemeanor if he/she forces an employee to work any number of hours during a day which, in combination with the hours served as a juror that day, exceeds the number of hours normally and customarily worked by the person during a day (unless otherwise provided in a collective bargaining agreement).
Although not mandated by State law, many employers today will continue to pay you during your jury service. As mandated by law, jurors receive not less than $25 per day ($12.50 per half day) for the first day of jury service; $40 per day for each subsequent day ($20 per half day). Also jurors are paid $0.10 per mile for round-trip travel from home to the 14A District Court. Should your employer continue to pay you during jury service, he/she may require you to remit your juror compensation.
For general jury questions, please email the 14A Jury Clerk, Paul Ward. If you need to call, please call 734-973-4580. If you are assigned to serve on a panel and you have questions, please contact the 14A Jury Clerk at the location for which you have been summoned for jury service with any questions or concerns about jury service:
View the Juror's Manual (PDF).
Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) is a multi-component crisis preparedness and intervention program. CISM is not: therapy, a tactical review, or a disciplinary tool.
Critical Incident Stress is defined as the reaction of a person or group to a critical incident.
A Critical Incident is an event that has the potential to overwhelm the individual’s usual coping mechanisms resulting in psychological stress and impairment of normal adaptive functioning.
After an event when you notice that someone or a group of people are having ‘normal reactions to abnormal events’. In other words, if it appears that this event was particularly stressful it may be time to call.
No. CISM and TERN services are provided free of charge. Debriefers are volunteers.
Call Washtenaw Metro Dispatch at 734-994-2911 and request a CISM or TERN response. They will contact the on call person and have them call you back.
As part of our annual Equalization Studies, our appraisers visit a number of parcels throughout Washtenaw County. The appraiser will measure the exteriors of the structures on the property and inventory their quality and characteristics. This is done in order to estimate market value, also called True Cash Value (TCV). A short interview with the property owner is often helpful in valuing aspects of the property that cannot be directly observed. If the property owner is not home, the appraiser will leave his card for future contact.
No, Equalization is not the Assessor. The equalization process is part of the larger assessment process in the State of Michigan. A system of equalization is mandated by Article IX § 3 of the State Constitution of Michigan and is further elaborated in MCL 211.34. Its purpose is to guarantee uniformity and equity across classes of property in counties (County Equalization) and in the state as a whole (State Equalization).
The goal of Equalization’s appraisal or sales studies is not to modify individual properties’ assessments; rather, it is the function of the local Assessor to annually establish assessed and taxable values on an individual basis. The scale of Equalization is greater. Any potential impact of Equalization would affect an entire classification of property in a local unit (for example, all Commercial properties in Lodi Township, or all Residential properties in Webster Township). The value that is calculated for your property will be analyzed as part of an aggregate along with other properties.
An Equalization Study is designed to determine how closely assessed values within a classification are related to True Cash Value. It is a forward-looking comparison to the current year’s assessed value. In the State of Michigan, as mandated by the constitution, property is to be assessed at 50% of True Cash Value. The results of an Equalization Study may determine that, for example, Industrial property in Dexter City is being assessed at only 48.71% of True Cash Value going into the next assessment cycle. Whether the ratio falls above or below 50% will determine the direction in which assessments in that local classification need to move as compared to the local assessor’s independent analysis.
Appraisal studies are only conducted for property classifications in which there were an insufficient number of verified sales, and this scenario most usually applies when there are fewer parcels in any particular classification. Sample parcels within an appraisal study are chosen at random.
Any appraisers assigned to your property will always begin by knocking on your front door to introduce themselves and answer any questions related to their reason for being there. If the property owner does not wish to participate, the appraiser will leave. Please note that, in the event that no contact can be established with the homeowner after an attempt is made, the appraiser will place a contact card at the front door and then proceed with the appraisal. Unfortunately, due to the large number of parcels visited and the need to efficiently route our appraisers, we cannot make appointments in advance.
According to the State Tax Commission, “an assessor needs to canvass property in order to discover the characteristics associated with land and buildings to value real estate and to identify never reported personal property such as machinery and equipment.” Assessing officers, when engaged in their governmental function as described in MCL 691.1407, “may survey, examine, or review property at any time before or after the tax day,” per MCL 211.2. However, an assessor will never attempt to look into the windows or enter a house without first obtaining the owner’s permission.
For situations in which the property owner does not wish to participate in the study, Equalization may estimate the True Cash Value using other resources. More likely, Equalization may select an alternative property for its study sample within that classification.
Please keep in mind that participation is essential to the overall assessment process, and that your property, if chosen for the study, will be used as a benchmark in guaranteeing that everyone is assessed uniformly and equitably.
Although the local Assessor must assess each parcel in a local unit annually, Equalization is concerned with a smaller subset of properties within each classification, called a sample. Sample parcels are chosen to be representative of properties within that classification. Samples may constitute one of two types of studies: 1) sales studies, for those classifications in which a sufficient number of properties have sold to enable a market-based analysis without an appraisal, or 2) appraisal studies, for those classifications lacking a sufficient number of sales. Equalization performs over 500 such studies yearly.
For each classification, the local Assessor’s assessed values are listed alongside Equalization’s True Cash Values, whether they be sales prices or appraised values. Both columns are totaled, and the total assessed values are divided by the total sales price/appraised value. (For a sales study, further adjustments are made to account for different time periods.) The aggregate ratio that results from this division is sent to the local Assessor by December 1 for review, and the completed studies, used to project the True Cash Value for the starting bases of the next cycle, are submitted to the state by January 2. A list of the assessed-to-market ratios (called Tentative Ratios) is published in February for each local unit, by class.
Note: Sales used in a sales study must first be verified to ensure that they are arms-length transactions that would accurately reflect the market.
From December through March, the local Assessors will have revisited their levels of assessment while comparing their own studies with the Equalization studies, and they will have finalized their assessment rolls for each individual parcel following the appeals heard by the March Boards of Review. In April of each year, Michigan counties must equalize. By law, the County Board of Commissioners must add to or subtract from the totals of any classification of property that does not reflect 50% of True Cash Value. Although rare, if a classification requires a change, the county will apply a factor to raise or reduce every property’s assessment in order to reach 50%; otherwise each classification will receive a factor of 1.0000. The revised assessments that result from this process are called County Equalized Values (CEV), and they are reflected in the Equalization Report. Once the state performs a similar process of equalization in May, the final result is the State Equalized Value (SEV).
Property Transfer Affidavits (Form 2766), Affidavits Attesting Qualified Agricultural Property Shall Remain Qualified Agricultural Property (Form 3676), and Principal Residence Exemption Affidavits (Form 2368) must be submitted to your local Assessor. Only those forms for property located in Freedom or Saline Townships may be submitted to the Equalization Department, which acts as Assessor for those two units.
This is a loaded question, and volumes can be written detailing the subject. In brief, assessing is a system of checks and balances involving the local unit Assessor and Board of Review, County Equalization and the Board of Commissioners, and State Equalization and the State Tax Commission. Beginning at the local level, the Assessor must assess property at 50% of True Cash Value. In order to first estimate value, Assessors have several approaches at their disposal, including the Sales Comparison, Income, and Cost Approach. Underlying each approach is the principle of substitution, which states that a property’s value is related to the cost it would require to obtain a substitute property with equal desirability. The Cost Approach, which involves mass appraisal, is most widely used, but all three should be applied, with consideration to property type. Real property—that is, property that includes the land along with improvements, and which is not personal property—is appraised using the state’s approved Assessor’s Manual. The manual contains costs and rates that are tied to area and building quality (Class). An appraiser inventories a property’s improvements, totals their value, and then applies a series of adjustments to the manual costs. These include: 1) a local county multiplier, provided by the state and aimed to adjust costs to the current local market, 2) an Economic Condition Factor (ECF), which the assessing officer calculates and derives based on sales of similar properties and which aims to adjust for the local market, and 3) depreciation, which takes into account the decrease in value of an improvement for any reason. To reach True Cash Value, the appraiser adds this adjusted total to the total attributable to the land and its improvements. (Land rates are established locally through a process of vacant land sales studies, which take into account land use using appropriate units of comparison.) To attain the Assessed Value (AV), the appraiser takes 50% of the True Cash Value.
Note: Equalization will also perform parallel vacant land sales studies and ECF studies, on a countywide scale, in order to independently value its sample parcels for the Equalization Studies.
Since the passage of Proposal A in 1994, Assessed Value is no longer used in computing taxes; instead, Taxable Value (TV) is now used. While Assessed Value is directly related to the local market, and could theoretically skyrocket by double digits year by year, Taxable Value is tied to and limited by the national rate of inflation, as reflected in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Furthermore, Proposal A has limited the annual increase in Taxable Value to no more than 5%, with certain qualifications. The accurate determination of Assessed Value remains essential: In the first year following a property transfer in which there is a change in ownership resulting in a change in beneficial use, the property will “uncap” and its Taxable Value will reset to the generally higher State Equalized (Assessed) Value for that year only. Each June, Equalization reports the county’s total taxable value of all property to the state, according to MCL 211.27d.
Taxable Values, which directly relate to the kind of property you own, are literally only half of the equation used to compute your taxes. The other half involves the tax rate, or millage rate, that is levied by every unit of government and taxing authority within which your property is located. The annual report that organizes these rates and projects the tax dollars that they will generate is called the Apportionment Report. It is completed and must be approved by the County Board of Commissioners in October or November. Per PA 35 of 2001, the Equalization Director must file the report no later than December 1.
By way of example, if your property is within the Saline School District in Lodi Township, it will (along with every other property within this district) be subject to a millage rate of 0.9351 levied by Lodi Township, 26.8471 levied by Saline School District, 7.1532 levied by Washtenaw County, etc., for a total homestead millage rate of 32.8685. (The total millage rate applied to a property will depend upon whether the property has applied for and qualifies for the homestead, or Principle Residence Exemption (PRE), which exempts the 18.0000 school operating mills.) Since 1978, the Headlee Amendment has limited local governments’ ability to spend by reducing (or “rolling back”) millage rates proportionately to the growth in the total tax base. Each May, Equalization calculates these Millage Reduction (Rollback) Fractions for every taxing unit and authority, according to MCL 211.34d. Ultimately, the number of mills levied is left to the voters and determined by their willingness to approve new millages or renew existing ones.
Our example property in Lodi Township, if it has a Taxable Value of 200,000 and is subject to the homestead rate of 32.8685 mills, would pay a total annual tax bill of $6,573.70. The formula is as follows: (TV x Millage Rate) / 1,000.
Historically, owing to its specialized drafting staff and resources, Washtenaw County Equalization had functioned to produce and maintain tax maps for local unit Assessing Offices. In 1983, Equalization centrally coordinated an effort to map every property in the county, based on deeded legal descriptions. For those jurisdictions that may not have had the resources to maintain tax maps at the local level and which opted for county assistance, Equalization assumed responsibility for upkeep of this map. Today at Equalization, mapping is maintained electronically using geographic information systems (GIS) software, specifically ESRI ArcMap. The scope of the county’s mapping capabilities has widened to include the needs of other departments, but Property Description’s parcel and cadastral maintenance remains a critical—and, one might argue, the single most important—component of the map’s framework. Per MCL 211.10e, maintenance of the tax map remains a function specifically assigned to assessing officials. MapWashtenaw, the interactive property line map, is available online for free to the public, and paper maps can still be produced in-office for a fee. Note that this linework is only approximate and is not intended to supersede a survey.
The Land Division Act, Act 288 of 1967, spells out the requirements for dividing land, both platted and unplatted, in the State of Michigan. It was last amended in 1997 in order to improve the system for the orderly division of land, thus renaming it from the former “Plat Act” to the “Land Division Act”. Any proposed division must meet the requirements of the Act, and it may also be subject to additional local restrictions. For this reason, all applications to divide land must be submitted to the local township or city for approval. Once approved, Property Description will generate a new tax description (an abbreviated form of a legal description for purposes of assessment and taxation) and depict the child parcels on the map. This is the process only for those townships and cities that use Washtenaw’s parcel mapping services; this omits Scio Township, Ypsilanti Township, and the City of Ann Arbor, which perform these functions internally. As a result of its involvement in the land division process, Property Description has accumulated a limited archive of historical surveys, copies of which the public may obtain for a fee.
A Temporary Food License is probably the best license for you. A temporary food establishment operates at a fixed location for a temporary period not to exceed 14 consecutive days. Examples include a food booth at a fair / football game, a restaurant preparing food offsite, and a private organization serving food to the public.
A Mobile Food Cart License is probably right for you. A mobile food unit is an open air cart that has a very limited menu, limited facilities, and must work with a licensed commissary (such as a licensed restaurant). The mobile cart must return to their commissary at least once every 24 hours it is in operation.
A Specialized Transitory Food Unit (STFU) license is probably right for you. An STFU is typically an enclosed trailer with its own water supply and wastewater holding tanks. An STFU may have a more diverse menu than a mobile food cart, and it does not need to have a commissary.
This difference between the clinically proven prevalence of food allergy and the public perception of the problem is in part due to reactions called "food intolerances" rather than food allergies. A true food allergy is an abnormal response to a food triggered by the body's immune system. Food intolerances, such as glucose intolerance, lactose intolerance, and reactions to food additives like sulfites, can cause symptoms that can resemble those of a food allergy. However, intolerances do not trigger the body's immune response as in a true food allergy.
It is extremely important for people who have true food allergies to identify them and prevent allergic reactions to food because these reactions can cause devastating illness and, in some cases, be fatal. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that food allergies cause 30,000 cases of anaphylaxis, 2,000 hospitalizations and 150 deaths annually.
Allergies are an inherited predisposition. Generally, people with a food allergy come from families in which allergies are common - not necessarily food allergies, but perhaps hay fever, asthma, or hives.
In adults, the most common foods to cause allergic reactions include: shellfish such as shrimp, crayfish, lobster, and crab; peanuts (a legume that is one of the chief foods to cause severe anaphylaxis, a sudden drop in blood pressure that can be fatal if not treated quickly); tree nuts such as walnuts; fish; wheat; soy and eggs.
In children, the pattern is somewhat different. The most common food allergens that cause problems in children are eggs, milk, and peanuts. Adults usually don't lose their allergies, but children can sometimes outgrow them. Children are more likely to outgrow allergies to milk or soy than allergies to peanuts, fish, or shrimp.
The foods that adults or children react to are those foods they eat often. In Japan, for example, rice allergies are more common. In Scandinavia, codfish allergies are more common.
Symptoms of a reaction to a food allergy can include one or more of the following:
The Michigan Modified Food Code requires the person in charge to be able to describe the eight foods identified as major food allergens and the symptoms that major food allergens could cause in a sensitive individual. The eight major food allergens are:
In addition, food safety certified managers at food service establishments (e.g., restaurant, school or hospital inspected by a Michigan local health department) shall do both of the following:
See more information about the allergen requirements.
The Washtenaw County Environmental Health Division inspects food service establishments. Examples include:
These establishments can be fixed or mobile, and long-term or temporary.
According to Michigan law, food service establishments are inspected as follows:
The inspections described above are routine inspections. One or more follow-up inspections may take place shortly after a routine inspection to verify that violations have been corrected. No matter the inspection frequency, all routine inspections are unannounced. The dates of follow-up inspections, however, may be told to the operator of the establishment.
The standards for all food establishments in Michigan are set by the Michigan Food Law, Act 92 of 2000 (PDF). Food establishments shall comply with this law, which was updated October 1, 2012.
The Michigan Food Law adopted the Michigan Modified Food Code (PDF) as the sanitation standard for all Michigan food establishments, effective October 1, 2012.
Find information about the kinds of violations on our Violation Types page.
Inspections of food service establishments in Michigan are not scored. The best way to judge the results of an inspection is to read the entire inspection report!
It is important to remember that the presence of violations in a past inspection report does not necessarily mean that an establishment has the same violations today. Furthermore, large establishments with extensive menus will generally have more violations than small establishments with simple menus. This does not mean that large establishments are less safe than smaller ones. So, when comparing inspection reports from different establishments, consider whether they are of similar size and have similar menus.
For information about what a perfect, typical, or poor routine inspection report looks like visit our Inspection Report Types page.
A food service operator shall correct all violations of the Food Code by the time allowed in the inspection report. Failure to do so results in either summary or progressive enforcement action (PDF).
To find more information about Enforcement Action, view our Enforcement Action page.
The following abbreviations are sometimes used by the Sanitarians when writing their inspection reports:
For more information on restaurant reports, restaurant licensing, or food safety in general, please call: Washtenaw County Health Department Environmental Health Division 734-222-3800.Also, visit our other Food Safety pages for information on opening a restaurant, food allergies, and more!
Food service plan review is a process that new and remodeling food service facilities must complete to review the design and layout of their proposed construction or changes. Plans must be received and approved before any construction may take place. In addition, any new equipment must be approved before installation. Keep in mind that removing or relocating equipment such as hand sinks, dish machines, and 3-compartment sinks may also require approval. The purpose of plan review is to spot problems on paper so that necessary changes can be made before costly purchases, installation and construction take place.
If your facility is a restaurant, coffee shop, bar, catering facility, or other facility serving food directly to the public within Washtenaw County, you will need to go through the plan review process with the Washtenaw County Environmental Health Division. The instructions on the Food Service Plan Review page will guide you through the plan review process.
If your facility is a retail grocery store, convenience store, party store, processing facility or warehouse, you will be working with the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) for your plan review. The MDARD offices can be reached at 800-292-3939, or you can go to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development website for more information.
If you are building or remodeling a restaurant or food service facility, you must submit plans prior to the start of construction. If the remodeling is cosmetic only, such as new carpeting in the dining room, you do not need to submit plans.
The length of time plan review will take depends mostly on the completeness of the information you submit. Once the information is submitted, our Senior Sanitarians will go through the menu, floor plan, equipment, worksheets, and standard operating procedures to ensure that all items are completed and meet current guidelines. A letter of approval or denial (detailing the information needed for approval) will be mailed within 30 days from your original submission. Additional information is required on most submittals, so please plan for this.
The approval letter authorizes you to begin construction, as long as you have received approval from other required agencies (building department, etc). If you wish to make changes from the approved plans during the construction process, you must have these changes approved.
As you near the end of the construction process, contact our office to schedule an appointment for a pre-opening inspection. This is required to ensure that the facility was built according to the plans submitted. We do the best we can to meet customer demand, and can usually schedule this inspection within several business days.
At this time, you will also need to submit a Food Service License Application and pay a Food Service License Fee if you are opening a new establishment. The fee is based on the square footage of the establishment. Although the paper license may take several weeks to process, you are considered licensed once the application and payment are submitted along with appropriate approvals.
Once you have received approval to open on the pre-opening inspection(s) and the license application and fee have been submitted, you can open your facility as long as all other required approvals are in order. Remember: You may need approvals from the local building department, fire department, etc. before opening!
Your Sanitarian (health inspector) will visit your establishment within the first month of your opening. During this inspection, your Sanitarian will review your menu and your restaurant with you. You will then receive a routine inspection approximately every six months.
Your food service license expires every April 30. A renewal application will be sent to you in the mail. If you do not receive one by April 1st, please contact our office at 734-222-3800 to avoid late fees.
If you have any questions, please contact Washtenaw County Environmental Health at 734-222-3800. We are more than happy to help guide you through this process! In addition, there are a lot of online resources available to help you. Restaurants in Michigan are regulated under the Michigan Food Law of 2000 and the 2005 FDA Food Code. Becoming familiar with these requirements as well as taking a class in safe food handling will help you understand the inspection process.
The length of time plan review will take depends mostly on the completeness of the information you submit. Once the information is submitted, our Senior Sanitarians will go through the menu, equipment and standard operating procedures to ensure that all items are completed and meet current guidelines. A letter of approval or denial (detailing the information needed for approval) will be mailed within 30 days from your original submission. Additional information is required on most submittals, so please plan for this.
The approval letter authorizes you to begin any construction of your unit. If you wish to make changes from the approved plans during the construction process, you must have these changes approved.
As you near the end of the process, contact our office to schedule an appointment for a pre-opening inspection. This is required to ensure that the facility will be operating according to the plans submitted. We do the best we can to meet customer demand, and can usually schedule this inspection within several business days.
At this time, you will also need to submit a Food Service License Application and pay a Food Service License Fee. Although the paper license may take several weeks to process, you are considered licensed once the application and payment are submitted along with appropriate approvals.
Once you have received approval to open on the pre-opening inspection(s) and the license application and fee have been submitted, you can open your facility as long as all other required approvals are in order.
Remember: You may need approvals from the city or event in which you will be operating before opening!
Once you have received approval to open on the pre-opening inspection(s) and the license application and fee have been submitted, you can open your facility as long as all other required approvals are in order. Once you are approved to open, you can operate anywhere in the State of Michigan. However, before each time you operate, you must submit an STFU Notice of Intent to Serve form (PDF) to the health department for that jurisdiction, notifying them the dates and location of your operation.
After your initial inspection and approval to open, you will have to request, and pay for, two inspections each license year. These inspections can be completed by any health department in Michigan. You can request the inspections on the STFU Notice of Intent to Serve form (PDF) and submit the form and inspection fee to the local health department in the jurisdiction you will be operating.
Your food service license expires every April 30. A renewal application will be sent to you in the mail. If you do not receive one by April 1st, please contact our office at 734-222-3800 to avoid late fees. You must have two paid inspections each year to be eligible for license renewal.
If the parties mutually agree to a change of domicile and they sign a written agreement (stipulation and consent agreement), it will be entered as an order, if approved by the Court. If the parties cannot mutually agree on a change of domicile, they have the following options:
Notification to the Friend of the Court or filing a petition does not allow a party to move from the state, prior to a Court order being entered. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The Court speaks through it's written orders, therefore, the Friend of the Court enforces only the written orders. If a party feels that the written order is incorrect, they may want to order a transcript of the hearing from which the order was established. If they find that the order does not agree with the transcript, bring the concerns to the attention of the person who prepared the written order and request a change. A party can also file a motion with the Court asking the Court to correct the written order. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The Friend of the Court enforces custody, visitation, and support orders. The Friend of the Court does not have the power to enforce property settlement orders. The Friend of the Court enforces custody, visitation, and support orders. The Friend of the Court does not have the power to enforce property settlement orders.
A Referee is a person who takes testimony and reports to the Court. A Referee can be either a Friend of the Court or an attorney employed by the Friend of the Court. The Chief Judge of a Circuit Court may appoint a Referee to hear any domestic relations matter. A hearing before a Referee is not the same as a hearing before a Judge. The findings of a Referee are only recommendations to the Court, and are not final. These recommendations will become an Order of the Court if neither party files an objection.
State law requires that any written report and recommended order made by a Referee must be given to the parties and their attorneys before the judge takes any action on the recommendation. If a party disagrees with a Referee's recommendation, he or she has the right to a hearing before the Court. This hearing must be requested in writing within 21 days after receiving the Referee recommendation (request for a hearing on an income withholding order must be made within 14 days). Contact the Friend of the Court Office for the address to which the written request for a hearing should be sent.
The state and federal government have set up a parent locating service that can be used to:
The Friend of the Court, Prosecuting Attorney, and Department of Human Services support specialist can ask to use this service. The full name, date of birth, social security number, and last known address of the parent to be located is required. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Adoptions take place in Probate Court. The Friend of the Court must be provided copies of all Probate Court adoption orders. The child support order stops when children are adopted. The Friend of the Court is required to collect all support owed at the time of the adoption. Contact the Friend of the Court to arrange to pay all money owed.
A petition requesting the Court to grant an order for support must be filed with the Court. If both parties agree and sign an agreement (stipulation and consent agreement), that agreement will be entered as a support order if it is approved by the Court. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
An attorney is not required in order to file a petition for support in a divorce action. However, an attorney may be helpful when filing papers and following specific rules. For paternity and family support actions, the Prosecuting Attorney can assist with the filing of a petition for support. For more information, contact Friends of the Court at 734-222-3050.
The Child Support Guideline and the Friend of the Court recommendation are used to assist the judge in making a decision concerning support amounts. The judge does not have to follow the Friend of the Court recommendation or guideline when making a final decision. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Yes, visitation and support are separate orders of the Court, with separate enforcement procedures (see Enforcement section in the Friend of the Court Handbook (PDF)). For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Contact the Friend of the Court and request enforcement if the back support equals payments of four weeks or more. An attorney may be contacted to file an enforcement action.
Income withholding orders are not usually effective when a payer is self-employed. In these cases, the Friend of the Court may seek enforcement using one or more of the following options:
Contact the Friend of the Court office for further information concerning these options.
Not without changing the Court order. Support is paid through the Friend of the Court in order that an official record of payments is maintained. To credit payments made directly to the custodial parent, a Court order must be obtained that directs the Friend of the Court to credit your account for a specific amount. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The Michigan Child Support Guideline requires the Friend of the Court to consider both parents’ income when making child support recommendations. If either party has had a large increase or decrease in income, they may wish to contact the Friend of the Court to request a review of the support order. If both parties can mutually agree to a change in the support order, and both sign a written agreement (stipulation and consent agreement), that agreement will be entered as an order, if approved by the Court.
For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Michigan Court Rules provide that the Friend of the Court may deduct unpaid fees from any support money paid after the fee is due (January 2nd and July 2nd of each year). For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
No, all child support payments paid while receiving public assistance must be sent by the Friend of the Court to the Department of Human Services. However, if the payer is making payments, the payee is entitled to receive from the Department of Human Services up to the first $50 of any child support paid each month. Please contact the local Department of Human Services support specialist for more information.
The law does not give the Friend of the Court the right to question how child support payments are spent. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
A petition requesting the Court to grant custody of child(ren) must be filed with the Court. If both parents agree and sign an agreement (stipulation and consent agreement), that agreement, if approved by the Court, may be entered as a custody order. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
A petition to modify a custody order must be filed with the Court, or the parents can sign a written agreement changing custody (stipulation and consent agreement), which if approved by the Court, will change custody. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
It is not required that you have an attorney to file a petition for custody. However, there are many complicated issues involved in a custody case and therefore attorney representation may be desired. The Friend of the Court cannot file a petition for custody in a party's behalf. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The Friend of the Court is required to provide Domestic Relations Mediation. Mediation is a process where a neutral third party assists in voluntarily settling a custody dispute. Both parties must agree to participate in this process. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Yes, a number of custody arrangements are possible. The most common are:
The Friend of the Court is required to:
Before the Court custody recommendation, the Friend of the Court must provide to each party or their attorney a copy of the report, recommendation and any supporting documents or a summary of the documents prepared or used by the Friend of the Court. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
There are several options:
Washtenaw local police agencies are listed below:
Allegations of abuse or neglect should be reported to the Protective Services unit of the Department of Social Services office. The Friend of the Court has a responsibility to conduct an investigation when a party files a parenting time or custody petition and the matter is referred to the Friend of the Court. Allegations of abuse or neglect should be communicated to the Friend of the Court during the investigation / evaluation process. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Any employer or other person, referred to as a "source of income," which owes or will owe income to the payer (the person owing money under a support order). Income is broadly defined to include (among other things):
An order of income withholding is binding on an employer seven days after the employer is served by ordinary mail with a true copy of the order of income withholding. Included with the order will be a notice of income withholding, which will give the date of the mailing, the date to begin withholding, and where to send the money withheld. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The order remains in effect until further order of the court or until the notified otherwise in writing by the Friend of the Court.
An order of income withholding for child support has priority over all other legal process under state law against the same income. This means it takes precedence over garnishments and other payroll deductions (except taxes, social security deductions and other income withholding orders for support). For additional information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
An employer's failure to comply with an order of income withholding within seven days of service may result in a contempt finding by the court against the employer. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for additional information.
The Friend of the Court is required to advise employers if the order is changed. If the Friend of the Court serves the employer with a notice of modification of the order of income withholding, the amount withheld must be changed to conform with the court ordered modification within seven days after receipt of the notice of modification. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
An employer must identify each withholding payment by the employee's name and social security number, case number, amount withheld, and the date on which support was withheld from the employee's income. The employer must also provide its federal employer identification number to the Office of Friend of the Court. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
If there is more than one order of income withholding against an employee, and the total amount to be withheld exceeds the limits imposed by Section 303(b) of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, the payments pursuant to the orders must be allocated in the following manner:
When subject to more than one income withholding order with the same Friend of the Court Office, an employer may combine in a single payment amounts withheld from all employees and separately identify by employee, social security number, and case number the portion of the payment that is attributable to each individual. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
Amounts withheld pursuant to an order of income withholding must be paid to the Friend of the Court within three days after the date of withholding. Contact us at 734-222.3050 for more information.
Prior law required the employer to withhold an additional $0.50 for each payment made. However, this provision was repealed and is no longer in effect. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
Payment to the Friend of the Court in accordance with an order of income withholding discharges liability to the employer as to that portion of the employee's income. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
An employer is liable for any amount that it knowingly and intentionally fails to withhold from the employee's income following services on the employer of an order of income withholding, except as the payment amount is limited by the Consumer Credit Protection Act.This means the court will require the employer to pay the amount that should have withheld, even if the employer paid it to the employee. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
After served with an order of income withholding, the employer must notify the Friend of the Court if the employee's income from the company is terminated or interrupted for a period of 14 or more consecutive days. In such cases, the employer must provide the employee's last known address and the name and address of the employee's new employer (if known). Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
An employer who refuses to employ, discharges, and disciplines or penalizes an employee because of an order of income withholding entered against that employee is guilty of a misdemeanor. The misdemeanor is punishable by a fine of up to $500 and the employer will be required to make full restitution to the aggrieved employee including reinstatement and payment of back pay. Contact us at 734-222-3050 for more information.
This means the parents have the responsibility for setting up a mutually agreed upon schedule for parenting time, which is reasonable under the circumstances. If the parents cannot mutually agree to a visitation schedule, the following options are available:
If a temporary change in the parenting time schedule is necessary, contact the other parent to discuss making other arrangements. If a permanent change is necessary:
Yes, parenting time and support are separate orders of the Court, with separate enforcement procedures (see Enforcement section in the Friend of the Court Handbook (PDF)). For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
File a written complaint with the Friend of the Court office. If the Friend of the Court determines that either parent has violated the parenting time order, they have the responsibility to proceed with enforcement (see Enforcement section in the Friend of the Court Handbook (PDF)). For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The Friend of the Court follows the written Order of the Court. Unless the Court order states each parent’s responsibility for clothing, the Friend of the Court does not have any enforcement power. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
That is the custodial parent's decision. If the decision is made to deny parenting time in these circumstances, be prepared to explain to the Court at a contempt hearing why the decision was in the best interest of the child(ren). For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
Unless the Court order forbids such discussions, the Friend of the Court has no enforcement power. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The law requires the Friend of the Court to enforce parenting time orders. If the Friend of the Court refuses to comply with the law you have a right to file a grievance regarding their procedures. For more information, contact us at 734-222-3050.
The parents of the child(ren) are bound by the Court orders. However, one or more of the following may be considered:
Registering for a class only allows you to participate in that class. If you wish to use any other area of the facility before/after class, or at any other time, you are expected to purchase some type of facility pass.
Classes are not transferrable, but credits will be place on your account when we have to cancel a class. Between sessions, we try to offer an Interim session when you may use up any of your makeups from the previous session. Make up classes do not carry over into the next session.
Classes are priced separately from the membership and participants are not required to be members.
We do not have a sauna or hot tub.
The lockers on the main floor are 12 by 12 by 12 inches and large enough to hold a purse or shoes, valuables, etc. The lockers in the men's and women's locker room are 34 by 12 by 12 inches and large enough to hold your coat, clothing and valuables. All lockers are day use only and require $0.25 per use.
We document and store lost phones, MP3 players, keys and jewelry (30 day maximum). We do not manage lost and found services for clothing, shoes, towels or sports equipment.
Team sports are offered locally by Ann Arbor Community Education and Recreation (Rec/Ed phone: 734-994-2300). We are considered the place for drop-in play in Ann Arbor, with multiple days of scheduled opportunities for badminton, basketball, pickleball and volleyball. The schedule is available online (PDF) and at the front desk.
Participants are encouraged to bring their own towel, however, we do sell towels.
We offer a weight room orientation for a fee. Dates and times for upcoming orientations are available at the front desk.
We don’t offer day care services.
We don't rent the gym, pool or studio. We refer gym/pool rental requests to Ann Arbor Community Education and Recreation (Rec/Ed phone: 734-994-2300).
Each personal trainer is an independent contractor with fees listed on their websites. Contact information is available on the bulletin board at the recreation center.
We teach parent-tot, preschool and youth instructional swim classes year-round, in group lesson format as well as private or semi-private sessions. Our day camp, for children in grades 1 to 5, is offered during the summertime with weekly field trips to Blue Heron Bay Spray Park and Rolling Hills Water Park. Friday Night Fun Night is an open swim geared toward families on Fridays, 7 to 9 p.m., with colorful floats and pool toys. Our party space is available to rent for children's birthday parties and other special occasions.
Our handicap-accessible pool is four lanes wide, 25 yards in length, 3.5 feet at the shallow end and six feet at the deep end. You may swim 70.4 lengths or 35.2 laps to equal one mile.
Twelve laps around our two-lane track equals one mile.
Our housekeeping crew cleans the men's locker room from 1:00 to 1:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. The women's locker room is closed for cleaning from 1:30 to 2:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.
The track is closed from 1 to 1:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, for cleaning.
Our members are informed at the point of sale that memberships are non-refundable and non-transferable.
Prior to its expiration, a shorter term pass may be upgraded to a longer term pass. The amount paid for the shorter pass will be credited towards the price of the longer pass. Upgrading a pass does not qualify for the renewal rate and the pass holder must keep the original purchase date. (Exception, summer passes may not be upgraded - they are seasonal only).
We have never discounted or offered scholarships for membership. In comparison to other local facilities who offer what we’re offering, our prices are clearly more affordable.
From September 1991 to January 2011, anyone over the age of 80 was offered a free membership. In January 2011, with more than 550 active "over 80" members, representing more than 10% of the total membership, the Parks Commissioners instituted a $50 annual pass fee for this age group. On July 1, 2013, this fee was increased to $60.
If you need to update your address or add additional family members to your account, please call or visit our front desk Our staff will be happy to update any information for you. Additionally, you may also update this information online.
The family membership includes six people, living at the same address, with no more than two individuals 18 and over. Additional dependent children may be included for $45 each. Additional dependent adults may be included for $75 each. Proof of residency and dependent status is required. Non-dependent adults or children living at that same address may not be included in the family membership.
MLM Members have access to cardio and strength training equipment, track, gym, pool and locker rooms. Outside of some brief closures for cleaning (track and locker room), these areas are open whenever the building is open. Classes and studio use are not included in the membership.
Counselors will mainly communicate with you when you drop your child off in the morning and pick them up in the afternoon. If there is a situation where you need to be reached immediately, you will be contacted by the Camp Director or staff at the Recreation Center.
We will contact you if a child comes without a lunch. If it is not possible for you to bring a lunch to the child, there will be food provided.
Lost and Found is kept through the last day of Camp. Please speak with a counselor if your camper lost an item and you need to look through the bin.
All persons over the age of 18 who are eligible to pick up your child must be listed on their Emergency Form. If the individual is not listed on the form, you may ask the Coordinator to update your form prior to that day or submit a letter stating the day, time and full name of the person picking up your child from camp (ID will be required at time of pick-up).
If you know in advance that your child will be late or not attending, please inform us in person the day before (fill out a special instruction slip). If you are not aware of your child being late or absent until that day, please call the camp at 734-971-6355, ext. 0. This is very important because we may be holding up activities based on the assumption that your child will be at camp.
As a health standard, courtesy to other campers and staff, and for the well-being of your child, sick campers (runny nose, fever, etc.) are not allowed to attend Camp.
Please let Camp staff know when you drop your child off in the morning. This way we can have your child ready and waiting for you.
We do not show movies at our camp. We are privileged to have other activities for the kids to enjoy such as basketball, reading, games, crafts, etc.
Anyone in Washtenaw County with a need for financial stability resources is eligible to receive services from the FEC. The initiative provides free, professional, one-on-one financial counseling as a public service to all regardless of where the clients is on their financial journey. Other local counseling programs reflect that the majority of households will likely be of low to moderate income.
The Financial Empowerment Center model focuses on a financial counseling and coaching blend. We acknowledge the systematic barriers that prevent some people from achieving success which is why we strive to meet clients where they are. Financial counselors work individually with clients to access public benefits, make referrals to other social services providers in addition to creating a specialized plan to work on their unique financial status. Counselors are able to support their participants through a mix of goal setting and light case management in a direct service provision role and have both a deep technical knowledge of financial issues and the ability to advise people on their financial and personal goals.
Clients will engagein services with a coach and focus on specific financial goals they are lookingto achieve. While the coach provides support, accountability and technical financialknowledge, the client will direct how they choose to do this work. Coaching iscentered on the idea the participant is in the driver’s seat with the agencyand ability to create the change they seeking.
The length of thecounseling sessions thus varies depending on the needs of the client. Theaverage client meets with a counselor for 6 months to a year (can be longer orshorter) and has 3-6 sessions to track progress.
Both the FEC Model and the United Way’s approach to this work assumes participants are naturally creative, resourceful, whole and have the agency to make their own financial decisions. This work is not meant to tell people what to do with their finances but support them as they learn and grow in their own ability to manage their financial futures. This model is centered on empowerment and self-agency. The responsibility to follow through lies with the participant and not the coach. The coach simply provides the knowledge, resources and tools for the participant to make their own choices and actions.
The FEC counselorsparticipate in holistic and robust trainings to ensure they are well equippedto deal with the socio-economic issues related to but separate from financialcounseling.. Through the Advisory Board, community partners will providefeedback on the strength of the FEC counselors’ training plan. Other FECs whohave focused on certain populations (people of color, with disabilities,survivors of domestic violence), have received specialized training to morecompetently work with those groups.
Part of the counselor training plan will include resource navigation and cross training with other community partners to ensure they realize when someone is in need of other services and how to refer to the client to accordingly.
To date, five established FEC Centers/12 FEC’s have been established across the nation and have worked with almost 104,000 clients, helping them reduce individual debt by almost $146 million, and increasing their families’ savings by close to $22 million. More information can be found in CFE Fund’s comprehensive evaluation.In Michigan, Detroit has a new FEC that targets those in property tax foreclosure, and Lansing has an established prisoner re-entry program that has reduced half-way house stays by almost a month per returning citizen
Other FECs have used volunteers from diverse backgrounds (including the banking sector) to provide community education, fund raising, and community events support. FEC counselors are paid, and highly credentialed professionals – volunteers counselors are not in alignment with the FEC model.
Other FECs have university/college partnerships focusing on student debt reduction and working with families to establish children’s saving accounts. FEC planning staff will be conducting a community-wide survey to flesh out the need of the county from a resident and organization perspective, including the local higher education sector Suggestions for potential collaborations will be reviewed with the Advisory Board.
CFE has assessed that $300,000 is the average amount needed to start an FEC. Each FEC is unique and the money needed to sustain the program depends on the municipality’s needs – during the planning phase we will determine what our local budget could look like.
FEC will provide quarterly updates to the advisory board members who will then disseminate the information to their networks. We will also publish an annual report that will be available on Washtenaw County Government and the United Way of Washtenaw County websites.
After establishing core FEC services, there’s the option of expanding services to including consumer protection, fraud education, and policy recommendations to local and state elected officials. Changing policies upheld by local/state agencies and court systems which create financial stressors that perpetuate financial instability could be a growth area for Washtenaw County.
As staff receive feedback from the community and Advisory Board on potential program priorities and partners, OCED and County leadership will discuss both immediate and long term funding feasibility. Other municipalities have utilized general operation funds, federal pass through grants, and revenue contracts to support their FECs.
Yes. A receptacle for waste will be located on site and bags are provided. A box will also be provided for dog owners to donate bags for other park users.
No more than two dogs are permitted, per handler, at one time. Professional dog trainers are not permitted to conduct training onsite.
No, anyone can use the dog park once their pet meets the requirements to obtain a permit.
The fee for the permit will be waived, however, you are still required to fill out the appropriate paperwork for an application and have the tag displayed.
Dog owners must have their dog licensed with the City, County or other municipal jurisdiction to apply for an off-leash dog permit. Current dog licenses must be displayed.
Park hours are dawn to dusk (subject to closure for required maintenance operations). Under no circumstances are you permitted in the park before 6 a.m. and after 10 p.m.
A dog park is a location set aside for dogs and their owners to exercise and play off-leash in a controlled (i.e. fenced) environment.
Water, and please remember to have your dog(s) license and permit tags visible at all times and that they are current.
Until you and your dog enter the fenced dog play area, your dog(s) has to be leashed.
An annual off-leash dog permit will be required for access to the designated off-leash dog play areas. The permitting requirement will enable the City to provide safe environments in off-leash dog play areas for users and their pets.
There will not be a park staff person stationed at the dog park, however, police will monitor the areas periodically.
You must first contact the Michigan Department of Human Services to request or apply for services provided by our office. A Child Support Specialist will assist you with the application. If necessary, they will attempt to locate an absent parent for you. Your case will then be referred to the Prosecutors Office and an appointment will be scheduled for you.
You must contact a Child Support Specialist at DHS by calling 866-540-0008 to begin the referral procedure.
Child support is withheld from the absent parents paycheck. If self-employed or unemployed, payment must be made personally. The Washtenaw County Friend of the Court collects and enforces child support obligations once your court Order is obtained. For further information, you may contact them at 734-222-3050.
Once the case is filed, we will schedule an appointment with the absent parent. The issues will be explained. A final Order, resolving the case by consent, may be signed at that time.
If the absent parent lives far away or out of state, we will send them notice of the case by certified mail. They may then contact us by telephone or mail. At times, it is necessary to arrange for papers to be served by an outside agency if the other party does not respond.
If the parties do not agree on the issues of custody or visitation, the Prosecutors Office will not represent you in resolving the dispute. You will need to seek a private attorney at that time. You may contact the Washtenaw County Lawyer Referral Service for further information regarding private representation at 996-3229.
DNA testing may be arranged in a paternity case filed by our office. The testing may be completed in our office or if a party lives more than 1 hour away, testing will be arranged closer to his/her home. All parties are notified of the date and time of their appointment approximately 2 weeks in advance.
The results are sent to our office in about 4 weeks after all parties are tested. Copies are sent to the parties and provided to the Court. The DNA testing will either determine that there is no possibility of paternity or that the probability of paternity is at least 99%. If the results show that the alleged father is not the biological father, the case is dismissed. If the results are positive, we contact the parties to resolve the case. Repayment of the processing fee is included in the final order.
If a party is ordered to appear for DNA testing and does not, the Court may enter an Order, which establishes legal paternity and includes a specific child support obligation.
If a private attorney files a paternity case and wants to arrange DNA testing in our area, arrangements can be made directly with DNA Diagnostic Center (DDC) at 800-310-9868.
Judgments involving minor children, conceived or born during the marriage, must be approved by the Prosecutors Office. Paternity disputes must be specifically addressed. Child support for all children must be included and any arrearages owed to the state of Michigan must be preserved, among other considerations. You may send any inquiries by email to the Prosecutor’s Office.
You will be notified of an appointment at the Prosecutors Office. You must bring all necessary documents such as your child's birth certificate, a copy of a prior acknowledgment of paternity, your marriage certificate, government issued I.D., or a prior judgment of divorce. A questionnaire mailed with your appointment notice must also be completed.
You will meet with an Assistant Prosecutor or legal assistant for an interview. A complaint for a paternity, child support or interstate case will be prepared for your review and signature. Your case will then be filed.
If a mother is married when a child is conceived or born, her husband is presumed to be the legal father unless a court order finds otherwise. This is true even if a child is born within 10 months of a divorce.
If the husband is not the biological father of the child, a court Order must be obtained which specifically identifies the child and finds that he is not the legal father.
Once the papers are served, the other party has 21 or 28 days to respond. If they fail to respond, we will set the case for Court and ask the Judge to enter an Order establishing paternity and/or child support. You will receive a copy of that Order. Payments will then be collected and obligations enforced by the Friend of the Court.
We can file a case for paternity and/or child support even if the absent parent lives in another state. In some cases, when that party is a former Michigan resident or other factors exist, we may still be able to file a case in our county.
If there are not sufficient ties to the state of Michigan, an action is filed under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA). The papers are prepared in our office, filed with our court and forwarded to the state where the absent parent resides. The final court Order must be obtained in the other state.
Although we file these cases immediately, we must depend on the other state to file and process our case when it is received. We cannot control the time it takes another state to obtain an Order. We will monitor the other states efforts on a regular basis and contact you if additional information is required.
We will file a case for child support if a child was born during the marriage of the parties or paternity was legally acknowledged. If the parties are married, no divorce action may be pending at the time of filing.
We will file a paternity case if you have a child who was conceived and born when you were not married and paternity has not been established. Paternity may be voluntarily acknowledged when both parties sign a legal document witnessed by a notary public. The form is then filed with the Michigan Department of Community Health. Otherwise, paternity may be established by DNA testing and/or a court Order.
The final court order will include a child support obligation, to be paid by income withholding, a child care contribution, responsibility for medical insurance or uninsured medical expenses, the responsibility to report certain changes in circumstances or coverage to the Friend of the Court, reimbursement for pregnancy and/or childbirth expenses and, if the parties agree, visitation/parenting time and legal custody.
E. coli bacteria live in the digestive systems of humans and other warm blooded animals. Therefore, they are found in sewage and other wastewater. Most strains are not dangerous, but they can indicate the presence of other disease-causing bacteria.
Swimming in unsafe water may result in minor illnesses such as sore throats or diarrhea. It may also result in more serious illnesses that can last a longer period of time. Children, the elderly and persons with weakened immune systems are at greater risk for illness when they come into contact with contaminated water.
Beaches are sampled a minimum of five times (or "events") per month. Each sampling "event" consists of three samples taken at representative locations within the bathing beach area. The water samples are collected one foot below the surface in three to six feet of water. The samples are then taken to a contracted certified laboratory to be analyzed for E. Coli bacteria.
A beach is closed because monitoring conducted by Washtenaw County Environmental Health determined that, at the time of testing, levels of bacteria exceeded the limits set by the Michigan Public Health Code. The geometric mean of the results from one sampling "event" cannot exceed 300 E. Coli per 100 milliliters water. In addition, the 30-day geometric mean cannot exceed 130 E. Coli per 100 milliliters water.
Water is a hostile environment to the bacteria, so they generally do not live long in water. Factors such as wind and wave action, as well as UV light from the sun will help to reduce the level of bacteria. The length of time this takes in unpredictable, however it is usually less than 48 hours. It is important to note that bacteria levels may remain high if a continuous source of pollution is impacting the area.
The Washtenaw County Environmental Health Division will continue monitoring the beach water quality and will permit a beach to re-open for swimming when bacteria levels fall back to acceptable levels. Check with the park or beach authority as recreational activities other than swimming are usually still available.
There are a variety of sources that contribute bacteria to our surface waters. These include:
You are the best person to decide when and if it is safe to swim at a particular location. Our changing weather means that swimming conditions can vary throughout the day and from day to day. It is a good idea to avoid swimming in lakes and rivers for 48 hours following a heavy rain. Surface runoff from storm sewer systems can carry high levels of pollution such as residue from vehicle exhaust, fertilizer, pesticides, oil, and waste from urban pets and rural barnyards into the water. Overflowing storm systems can also carry untreated sewage into rivers and lakes. Here are a few recommendations for deciding when and where to swim:
Delphia T. Simpson has served as the County Public Defender since her appointment to the Office by the Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners in November 2017. Predecessors to successively hold the Office prior to that were Lloyd E. Powell, who was the Public Defender from 1980 to 2017, Judge George Alexander, Daniel G. Bambery, Magistrate Judge William R. Rekshan, and V. Carl Shaner. The Office has been an integral department of Washtenaw County Government since September 1971.
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As the County Public Defender, Delphia T. Simpson is the attorney officially assigned to represent all clients of the Office. She is assisted by a highly skilled staff of 13 experienced trial lawyers who are also dedicated to public defense as a career. They are further augmented by 60 to 80 volunteer student lawyers and investigators who are also committed to public defense as a calling. All of these regular and volunteer staff personnel are assigned by Ms. Simpson to work on your case as a team whereby all of the resources of the Office can be readily available to provide you with top notch legal representation at all times. Ms. Simpson will also select and monitor one of her regular staff lawyers to lead the team that will work on your case, and that experienced trial lawyer will become the primary attorney responsible for your case.
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While Washtenaw County Public Defenders are highly trained, experienced and skilled trial lawyers who operate as teams that specialize in criminal law and local court processes, their services are provided only or primarily for those who do not have sufficient financial means to hire their own private counsel. Thus, anyone who can afford to hire a private attorney should do so. The Office of Public Defender is also an integral part of county government and has a smooth working relationship with all of the major components of the local criminal justice system. The competent and dedicated trial lawyers who comprise the staff of the Office can be relied upon to provide top notch defense as a calling and to fight zealously for what is in the best interests of their clients.
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While the Prosecutor has the duty to represent the State in proving their case beyond a reasonable doubt in the pursuit of justice, the Public Defender has the adversarial, check and balance duty to fight zealously and skillfully to ensure that a miscarriage of justice does not occur; that the innocent are not falsely or mistakenly convicted and punished while the guilty escape penalty and remain free to continue to harm, abuse and endanger the community; that individual constitutional rights are always protected, fair treatment and due process are always received and everything possible is always done for what is truly in the best interest of the client; and that clients are always competently and candidly advised to that effect with the clear understanding always that it is the individual client who retains the inalienable right to make the ultimate decision of whether to go to trial before a Jury or before a Judge (i.e. Bench Trial), or to accept a plea or sentence bargain.
If not incarcerated, a client is usually asked to appear on a specific court date or within a certain number of days after receiving a ticket from a police officer. At that time, the Judge will ask if you need an appointed attorney. Typically, you will fill out a form which asks questions about your income and expenses. The Judge decides whether or not the Public Defender will be appointed to represent you. If a person is incarcerated, the person will be brought before a Magistrate at the Washtenaw County Jail and asked about their income and expenses. After reviewing the information, the Magistrate will make a decision as to whether or not the Public Defender will be appointed. If the Public Defender is appointed, the attorney assigned to the case will go to the Washtenaw County Jail to meet with and interview an incarcerated client. In-custody Defendants may also be transported to a Misdemeanor Court to appear before the assigned Judge on a case.
On Felony cases, an arrest warrant is usually issued by the Prosecutor Office. The Defendant may be able to appear before a Magistrate for arraignment if they receive notice of the charges. Usually the person is arrested on the warrant by the police. In either situation, the Defendant will be asked whether or not a court appointed attorney is needed. A financial information form will be given to the Defendant to complete. If the Public Defender is appointed, in-custody clients can expect that a member of the Public Defender trial lawyer team will seek to timely meet with them well before their court date to discuss the case with them and review any police report information. Defendants who are not in custody are given information on how to contact the Office to find out who on the Public Defender team will be the lead trial lawyer assigned to them.
The Public Defender Office can be appointed at any time during Court proceedings, up to and including trial and sentencing. Our office is often appointed if the Defendant has a change in financial circumstances. We are also appointed as stand-by legal counselor Defendants who choose to represent themselves.
A Public Defender is made available on a weekly basis for ’Attorney Of The Week’ duty. That attorney serves a community service function by answering general questions from the public. An Assistant Public Defender assigned as ’Attorney Of The Week’ may also handle emergencies that would require the presence of an attorney.
The primary cause of very low birth weight is premature birth (born before 37 weeks gestation). Very low birth weight babies are often born before 30 weeks of pregnancy. Being born early means a baby has less time in the mother's uterus to grow and gain weight. Much of a baby's weight is gained during the latter part of pregnancy.
Any baby born prematurely is more likely to be very small. However, there are other factors that can also contribute to the risk of very low birth weight. These include:
Pertussis is a very contagious disease of the respiratory tract caused by bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is also known as “whooping cough” due to the “whoop” sound made when the infected person tries to breathe after hard coughing and choking spells. Children younger than 6 months of age may not have the strength to have a “whoop.” Also, many adults and teenagers with pertussis do not have a classic “whoop.” Pertussis symptoms include:
During coughing attacks, the lips and nails may turn blue for lack of air. Vomiting can occur with severe episodes. In between coughing episodes people may feel and appear fairly healthy. Some report that coughing is worse at night. In children less than 1 year old, complications include pneumonia, convulsions, and, in rare cases, brain damage. The majority of deaths from pertussis occur in infants younger than 2 months of age. Call your health care provider if you have any of these symptoms:
Likely, there are several reasons:
Pertussis vaccination is routinely given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and then at 1 year and 4 years, so that children have 5 doses of vaccine by the time they enter kindergarten. A booster dose of Tdap is recommended for teenagers and adults, since immunity wanes over time. Tdap is also recommended for pregnant women, every pregnancy. In Michigan, parents are allowed to opt out of vaccinating their children.
No. Lunch is eaten at the Lodge/Pavilion after we get back from the water park. Since we visit the water park before it opens to the public, the concession stand will not be open while we are swimming. There is a soda vending machine in the Lodge, but we prefer you not send money for your child to use it. We encourage Campers to drink water throughout the day.
If a Counselor needs to speak with you directly about your child, he/she will typically do so at the end of the day when the child is picked up. If there is a medical issue, the Counselor will call you at the phone number listed on your child's Emergency Form (PDF).
Campers are not permitted to share food with one another. If a Camper does not have a lunch packed, we will contact you when we become aware of it. You can either bring your child a lunch, or we can take a credit card number to purchase a hot dog or hamburger meal from the Concession Stand. Staff can only make a special trip to the water park for this rare occasion.
Lost and Found is kept through the last day of Camp. Please speak with a Counselor if your Camper lost an item and you need to look through the bin.
All persons over the age of 18 who are eligible to pick up your child must be listed on their Emergency Form. If the individual is not listed on the form, you may ask the Coordinator to update your form prior to that day or submit a letter stating the day, time and full name of the person picking up your child from camp (ID required at time of pick-up).
If you know in advance that your child will be late or not attending, please inform us in person the day before. If you are not aware of your child being late/absent until that day, please call Camp at 734-484-9676, ext. 0. This is very important because we may be holding up activities based on the assumption that your child will be at camp.
As a health standard, courtesy to other Campers and staff, and for the well-being of your child, sick Campers (runny nose, fever, etc.) are not allowed to attend Camp. Campers must be 24-hours free of diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and communicable diseases.
Any movies shown will be rated G only. Movies will only be shown on rain days when Camp activity is limited to the Lodge.
When someone asks you to call for Police, Fire, or Ambulance, pick up the phone and Dial 9, then 1, then 1 again.
Don't hang up! An adult will answer and help you.
Speak loudly and clearly and then tell him or her:
The Washtenaw County Sheriff's Office does not currently perform salvage inspections.
A salvage vehicle is one that has been damaged or wrecked and is considered too costly to repair.
In an effort to meet our mission of providing quality service, the Washtenaw County Sheriff's Office (WCSO) has established a Towing Complaint Hotline. This hotline is for citizens to report poor customer service from a contracting tow company. We understand having a vehicle impounded can be a stressful event and receiving poor customer service from a tow company can make matters worse. We require our contracting partners to provide quality service and want to hear from you if you experienced poor customer service. Please call 734-973-4969 to leave a message and someone will return your call.
If your vehicle was impounded as a Private Property Impound it is at the tow company under contract with the private business. If your vehicle was impounded by a law enforcement agency your vehicle is being stored at one of the towing companies under contract with the Washtenaw County Sheriff's Office listed.
There are a number of reasons vehicles are towed:
The Sheriff's Office data & information dashboard provides data related to crime addressed by the Sheriff's Office. An expression of our commitment to openness and community engagement, its intent is to empower those who are interested to explore and better understand crime, public safety, and wellness in the communities we serve.
Please see our Data and Information Dashboard Guide tab.
Crime data is updated weekly. Subject Control and Show of Force data is updated bi-weekly.
Change in data can occur because of delayed crime reporting (crime counts are based on the date the crime occurred, not the date the crime is reported), updates to the crime report (details of the report may be edited as crimes are investigated), and changes to the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) crime codes as determined by the State of Michigan or the FBI. (See definitions tab for an explanation of NIBRS.)
The Sheriff's Office provides comprehensive law enforcement and investigative services along with an array of specialty and supporting services on a contractual basis to political jurisdictions that so request it. When this occurs we become, in effect, the jurisdiction's "police agency". If an incident occurs in an area not served by the Sheriff's Office via contract, that incident will fall under "NON" on the dashboard designating it as "non-contract".
Incident maps are organized by zip code to protect victims of certain crimes including, by way of example but not limitation, domestic violence or sexual assault.
You cannot download the raw data, but you can download the dashboard as a PDF or PowerPoint by clicking the "download" button at the bottom of the dashboard. The dashboard is available 24/7 on the Sheriff's Office website.
You may direct constructive feedback or questions regarding the dashboard to: [email protected]
Ethnicity is not information officers are required to obtain. As a result, it can only be filtered if provided during an investigation. If not provided, it is categorized as "unknown".
The source of the dashboard's data are the reports created by investigating Deputy Sheriffs. As a part of a comprehensive case management process, reports are:
Further, prior to uploading the data to the dashboard the raw information is reviewed by a command officer. Most discrepancies in the data are resolved during this comprehensive case management and review process. However, as the data is manually entered, human error is possible.
There are many reasons for this, please refer to the "tool tips" and Dashboard Guide.
During a Subject Control occurrence, multiple levels of control can be utilized by each person involved. This can result in larger totals under this section.
During a Subject Control or Show of Force occurrence, multiple Deputies or Corrections Officers could be involved in a single occurrence, and each is required to write their own report under the same incident number. The total occurrences box refers to the single incident that is connected to the Subject Control or Show of Force and does not include whether any other officers were involved during the incident. The "Total Subject Control" and "Total Show of Force" boxes include all officer reports under the associated incident number.
During a show of force multiple different weapons can be used. This data captures the final/highest level that was utilized before the subject complied to lawful commands.
Show of Force incident location is not collected by address and/or zip code. Accordingly, the information needed to create the map is not available.
Please visit Sheriff's Office Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to submit a request.
Sediment is the greatest pollutant by volume impacting our lakes, streams and wetlands. Sediment is the product of uncontrolled erosion. Everyone in Michigan is affected by erosion and off-site sedimentation. Erosion and sedimentation result in: loss of fertile topsoil, filling of lakes and streams, increased flooding, damage to plant and animal life and structural damage to buildings and roads. Construction is one of the major causes of erosion in Michigan. Without proper planning and management, over 100 tons of sediment per acre per year can be generated on some construction sites. For more information, contact Soil Erosion at 734-222-6860.
For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
Earth changing activities that are of a certain size and within 500 feet of surface water, defined by the County's Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Ordinance, may require a permit or waiver with our office. All earth changes that will disturb one acre or more, regardless of the proximity to surface water require a permitwith our office. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
As defined in the Washtenaw County Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Ordinance, Surface water is any water including ponds (as defined), lakes, streams, rivers, county drains (as defined) storm drains (as defined) and wetlands, which holds or conveys water continually or seasonally. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
Applicants can submit for a permit at Washtenaw County's Western Service Center, Office of the Water Resources Commissioner; located at: 705 N Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48103
The submittal should include a completed application, applicable fees, two sets of erosion control plans and a designated agent letter if required. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
Residential permits expire 18 months from the date of issuance and commercial permit expire two years from the date of issuance. Extensions can be given if needed for a six month period. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
Yes. If the landowner changes during the active soil erosion permit, the permit can be transferred to the new landowner. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
Yes, there are several. Violations are progressive and are issued according to the severity and the number of occurrences of violations on site. They include, but are not limited to, cease and desist orders, stop work orders, site remediation and municipal civil infractions. For more information, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) issues permits associated with regulated wetlands (Part 303) and inland lakes / stream (301), floodplains and construction stormwater discharge. It is up to the applicant to contact the MDEQ prior to earth change activity to see if a permit is needed through the State, if they have the above resources on their property.
*Note: Sites disturbing/clearing 1 acre or greater are subject to the State of Michigan Permit-by-Rule (Rule 323.2190) administered by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Review MDEQ's stormwater discharge from construction sites webpage.
If you have additional questions, contact the Soil Erosion Control program at 734-222-6860.
FAQ stands for....
It a place were we can practice FAQ's
A county drain may be an open ditch, stream or underground pipe, retention pond or swale that conveys storm water. These drains become designated as county drains through a petition process where either property owners or a local city, village or township petitions the Water Resources Commissioner to establish a county drain. For more information, contact Water Resources at 734-222-6860.
Within County drainage districts, the Water Resources Commissioner is responsible for accounting of expenditures and financial statements, for maintaining records of the establishment and operation of each, and for conducting routine maintenance of the drains. Learn more on our County Drains page.
Drains, including roadside ditches, pipes, bridges and culverts under roads that drain state highways and county roads that are not designated County drains are maintained by the Washtenaw County Road Commission. Drain pipes that are not county drains and are not along roads may be the property owner's responsibility (i.e. in farm fields or parking lots). Creeks, streams or rivers that are not under our jurisdiction may be the responsibility of the County Environmental Services Department. Find more information on our County Drains page.
The Washtenaw County Office of the Water Resources Commissioner has some resources to help you locate your proximity to a County Drain. MapWashtenaw is Washtenaw County's Interactive Map Viewer; County Drainage, Drain Easements, Aerial Imagery, Property Lines, Roads and More are available to search and view from this Map Server. For more information, contact Water Resources at 734-222-6860.
Under the Inland Lake Level Act (Part 307 of P.A. 59 of 1995), a board of commissioners may file a petition in circuit court to establish a special assessment district to pay the costs of establishing and maintaining a lake level. The board of commissioners must file such petition if requested in writing by two-thirds of the freeholders owning lands abutting the lake.
The Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners delegates administrative duties to the Washtenaw County Water Resources Commissioner to oversee lake level projects. The Water Resources Commissioner must determine the apportionment of costs incurred and assess for maintenance of the lake level. Washtenaw County is involved with several lake level projects. Four Mile Lake, Horseshoe Lake, and Iron Lake are intracounty lake level projects. Hiland Chain of Lakes, Whitmore Lake and Portage-Baseline Lakes are intercounty lake level projects, jointly administered by the Washtenaw and Livingston County Water Resources Commissioners.
Section 24 of the Inland Lake Level Act requires inspection of all lake level control structures on all inland lakes that have normal levels established under this Act to be completed once every three years by a licensed professional engineer.Learn more about Portage-Baseline Lake Level.
The Michigan Drain Code is an act to codify the laws relating to:
View Act 40 of 1956.
For more information, contact Water Resources at 734-222-6860.
Under the Drain Code of 1956, the Water Resources Commissioner shall make a special assessment roll for the drain for each county, township, city, and/or village affected. These assessments cover many of the expenses of locating, establishing and constructing the drain, including maintenance of the drain. Visit our Speical Assessments page.
Circumstances may arise where you may want to petition the Office of the Washtenaw County Water Resource Commissioner for the establishment, construction, or maintenance of a County Drainage System or to establish a Legal Lake Level. Any questions regarding this process please call 734-222-6860.
To afford property owners, individuals, and governmental agencies greater efficiency, certainty, and consistency in the provision of relief for damages or physical injuries caused by a sewage disposal system event. Michigan Legislature passed new legislation regarding damages from sanitary and storm sewer events.
Public Act 170 of 1964, as amended by Public Act 222 of 2001, requires that if you are seeking compensation for personal injury or property damage, you must show that the county drain system had a defect; that an appropriate government agency knew, or reasonably should have known, about the defect; that the defect was not remedied by the government agency in a reasonable time; that the property damage or personal injury resulted because of the defect; and that you own and have related the value of the damaged personal property.
View Act 222 of Public Acts of 2001 (PDF) and view the fact sheet (PDF) or call 734-222-6860.
Visit our Report an Issue page to learn more about reporting illegal dumping.
Once your have an approved soil evaluation, you may apply for your well and sewage permits. Remember to read the soils approval letter issued by our office to determine site-specific requirements, such as a tank-first or well-first requirement. After you receive your well and sewage permits, you can then apply for your building permits and/or soil erosion permits, if needed.
To apply for your well and/or sewage permit, you must submit a complete permit application to:
Washtenaw County Environmental Health705 N Zeeb RoadP.O. Box 8645Ann Arbor, MI 48107-8645Phone: 734-222-3800
To find more information about application requirements view our Application Requirements page.
You have one year from the time your sewage permit is issued to complete construction. After that, the permit must be rewritten and a fee assessed. If changes are made which require a site visit, an additional fee may be required. A sewage permit is not transferable from place to place or person to person. Well permits are valid for one year. Well permits can be reactivated within two years after expiration for 50% of the permit fee.
Your inspection schedule will be listed on your permit. When you are ready for an inspection, call Environmental Health at 734-222-3800. All inspections will be made promptly (usually within 24 hours, excluding weekends and holidays). Please note that any deviations from your original plans must be approved by Environmental Health before excavation/construction can begin!
Find information about typical inspections.
The outcomes of the inspections generally result in a phone call from the Sanitarian, and/or the issuance of a tag:
A "plot plan" is a drawing viewed from above that shows the locations of important features of your property. (Think of looking down at your property from an airplane.) The plot plan is best prepared by a qualified engineer or architect, but many homeowners choose to draw the plot plan.
A plot plan is required in order to obtain a well or sewage permit because:
Thought should be put into the site layout, so go to the property and think about where things should be located. Consider plumbing and drainage, and make sure septic tanks are located in a place that is easily accessible for pumping. Also, the only covering that should be over the drainfield is grass, so it should be in a location where other landscaping will not take place, and where other buildings such as sheds or garages will not be built.
It is necessary to have suitable soil if the drainfield is to function properly. Simply speaking, the most suitable soil would be well-drained sandy soil. However, there is great variation in types of soils within Washtenaw County. It is essential that a careful check be made of soil and drainage conditions before planning the installation and use of on-site sewage systems.
The occurrence of saturated soil, or ground water, is an important factor since the sewage systems drainfield must be installed in well drained soil, at least 2 feet above the highest ground water elevation, in order to function properly. In selecting a building site, factors such as soil drainage, permeability, topography and ground water must be considered and are best determined by a soil evaluation.
No. A soil evaluation is a more extensive measure that involves the identification of varying soil horizon depths, soil texture, and seasonal water tables. A "perk" test, short for percolation test, uses water to determine the percolation rate in a soil. They are very time consuming and difficult to perform with consistency.
Find out about how to have a soil evaluation performed on our Soil Evaluation Information page.
Sometimes the soil evaluation can be scheduled when you submit the application at the Environmental Health office. If you are not able to schedule at the time of application, call the Sanitarian a couple of days later to schedule it. Before calling the Sanitarian, get tentative times from your excavating contractor. In many cases, you can even have the excavating contractor schedule the soil evaluation appointment.
Appointments can usually be scheduled within 5 business days of receiving a complete application. However, during certain seasonal peak construction times, it may take up to 10 business days to schedule the soil evaluation. Remember, it is your responsibility to coordinate the appointment with the excavating contractor and the Sanitarian, so make sure all parties are aware of the appropriate date, time and location of the soil evaluation.
The evaluation is performed by digging test holes, each generally a minimum of six feet deep, in the area of the proposed sewage system. The Sanitarian will determine how many holes must be dug in order to be assured that the area is acceptable. Typically, this is a minimum 4,000 square foot area (i.e., 40 feet by 100 feet). If well-drained, sandy soil is not found, then pits should be excavated or borings should be drilled to 20 feet. If sandy soil begins at a depth over 15 feet deep, a well study may be required before approval is granted to make sure area water supplies are protected.
The Sanitarian observes the excavation looking for these items:
You should have an idea of where you would like to have the sewage system placed prior to the soil evaluation. However, the Sanitarian or excavating contractor may suggest a different area if the original area selected appears unsuitable. Keep in mind that the Sanitarian's role on the site is to provide expertise and guidance to assist the homeowner or builder in making these decisions.
The Sanitarian, excavating contractor, and property owner or his/her designated representative must be on site during the evaluation. Important decisions will need to be made and it is a good idea for the property owner to be present. At a minimum, you are encouraged to select your desired home location and drainfield area.
The time it takes to complete a thorough evaluation depends on the depth, location, and availability of an approvable soil formation, as well as the equipment and expertise of the excavating contractor. Your application gives the Sanitarian approximately two hours of field time to complete the evaluation. If a considerable amount of extra time is needed, a new application and fee may be required.
An approval area is an area defined during the soil evaluation for the location of an on-site sewage system. The approval area includes room for the current drainfield and future expansion or replacement. It is important that this area be preserved and it is highly recommended that this area be staked or flagged if you do not intend to build right away.
Typically, a soil evaluation is good indefinitely as long as no major changes are made to the property and the test pit locations can be identified. Changes made to the property line location, parcel size, grading changes, drainage changes, and soil mining can void the soil evaluation approval.
Results of the soil evaluation generally fall into one of three categories: Approval, Denial, and Further Evaluation Needed. To find out about what these categories mean visit our Soil Evaluation Categories page.
A survey (accompanied with a legal description of the property) is a formal certified document that defines the boundaries of a parcel of property. It is performed by a registered land surveyor, and must contain a formal stamp or seal from the surveyor. A survey of your property must be completed before you apply for your well and sewage permits.
You need to have a survey performed to ensure that your proposed water supply or sewage treatment system is actually on your property. Your Sanitarian will use the survey as a reference guide throughout the permitting and inspection process.
You must have your property surveyed if:
You will not need to have a survey performed if your property is part of a recorded subdivision or site condo.
You should test your well every year for bacteria. In addition, test for bacteria if:
Follow these sampling instructions carefully:
Be concerned but do not panic if coliform bacteria are detected. Resample immediately if you have a positive sample before you treat, repair or replace the well. If you receive a second positive sample for total coliforms, or if the initial sample is positive for fecal coliforms, do not drink the water. Bring the water to a rolling boil for three minutes to kill the bacteria. You may also want to use bottled water as a temporary water source.
Learn about the meaning of the test results on our Test Result Explanations page.
If coliform bacteria are present, the source of the problem should be identified. Resampling from several locations within the water system may be helpful. The entire water system may need to be thoroughly flushed and disinfected before a negative bacteria sample can be obtained. A well drilling contractor or a Washtenaw County Sanitarian (PDF) can help identify structural defects in the system. After the defects are corrected, the system should be disinfected and the water retested before drinking.
Coliform bacteria do not occur naturally in groundwater. However, coliform bacteria can live within slime formed by naturally occurring ground water microorganisms. The slime (or biofilm) clings to the well’s screen, casing, drop pipe, and pump. Disturbances during well construction, pumping or maintenance can cause the slime to dislodge, releasing the coliform bacteria into the water. The following can also lead to contamination:
The Washtenaw County Time of Sale Regulation was passed June 9, 1999 and officially went into effect January 1, 2000.
Nearly half of the septic systems in the county have reached their service life expectancy, and studies show that drinking water quality and availability are decreasing. Inspections over the first 18 months of the program revealed:
Homes with municipal sewer and water are not affected. Only homes serviced by an on-site well and/or septic system must be inspected. Homeowners are advised to contact a certified inspector as soon as possible before selling a home. This allows necessary repairs to be completed and prevents delays due to inspector or contractor scheduling. Approvals are valid for one year.
No. The Regulation clearly states that it is not intended to bring all systems up to current construction standards. Only those that are failing or in substantial non-conformance require corrective action.
The Environmental Health Division considers repairs under the concept of maximum feasible compliance for inadequate systems that cannot be brought into compliance, which means finding a solution that brings a system as close to current codes as site conditions will allow. Use of alternative sewage disposal technologies is encouraged on these sites. Property owners have the option of appealing the Environmental Health Division's decisions to the Health Code Board of Appeals/Public Health Advisory Committee.
Yes. Property transfers that are exempt from inspections include:
The program requires the Environmental Health Division to complete the inspection report review in 5 business days or less. This does not delay closings when the inspections are done in a timely manner. Some sales are delayed when the inspection is done after an offer is tendered. This is particularly true if corrections are necessary. Since inspection results are good for 12 months, homeowners are encouraged to start the process when listing the home.
The Environmental Health Division will approve the property transfer if the following is submitted to and approved by the Division:
Homeowners hire Washtenaw County certified private inspectors (PDF) to conduct these inspections. To become certified, inspectors must demonstrate competency based on training and testing. A standardized inspection procedure is used and reports are submitted on a standardized form.
The actual inspection prices are market-driven, and private inspectors set their own rates. The County does not regulate these rates and does not receive any portion of the inspection fees. The County does charge a fee to cover processing costs. This fee schedule is available on the website. Note that many inspectors include the County's fee in their pricing schedule, so be sure to ask your inspector for details.
The Environmental Health Division is committed to processing all submittals in a fair and timely manner. Reports will be reviewed in the order they are received. The County will send the owner a letter to authorize the sale or identify necessary correction in no more than 5 business days of receiving a complete report. If a report is incomplete or cannot be interpreted, the inspector will be contacted for clarification and asked to submit a complete report.