Health Orders

Michigan state law provides local health officers and the state health director with the authority to issue orders to protect the public health under Section 2453 of the Public Health Code (MCL 333.2453). Any violations are subject to citations and penalties as outlined in the Michigan Public Health Code. See our fact sheet about understanding health orders here

Emergency public health orders help us prevent and control epidemics, like COVID-19, in Washtenaw County. 

Violating health orders is a misdemeanor - however, the goal of a local order is to encourage compliance for the sake of everyone's safety, not to penalize people. Violations to state and local orders can be reported to local law enforcement. Responses may vary according to the urgency of any given situation and the availability of law enforcement. First steps will always include education and engagement rather than penalties. 

Violations are subject to citations and penalties as outlined in the Michigan Public Health Code. The Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners has passed a resolution detailing the schedule of monetary penalties for violations of local orders.

Health Department staff are also available to answer non-urgent questions or to provide guidance. Leave a message at 734-544-6700 or email [email protected].

State Orders

View Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) Epidemic Orders. Questions about state orders can be directed to [email protected]

View Michigan Occupational Safety and Health Administration (MIOSHA) workplace safety guidance and MIOSHA Emergency Orders. 

State of Michigan laws pertaining to COVID-19: PA 236 of 2020PA 237 of 2020PA 238 of 2020 & PA 339 of 2020

These orders are in place to maintain COVID-19 precautions, including using face coverings, maintaining 6 feet of distance from people not in the same house, limiting the size of social gatherings, and following all public health guidance to prevent the spread of illness.

Local Resolutions

Due to the sustained presence of COVID-19 in our community, on March 17, 2021, the Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners passed a resolution declaring a local state of emergency in Washtenaw County through December 31, 2021. Under an amendment to the Open Meetings Act, this declaration of a local state of emergency allows public bodies to continue to meet remotely through December 31, 2021.

Washtenaw Public Health Emergency Orders in Response to COVID-19 Pandemic (8/19/20-present)

Emergency Order Penalty for Violations Date Status
Public Health Emergency Order in Response To The COVID-19 Pandemic Quarantine Order for K-12 Students That Have Close Contact With A Positive Case Violations of this Order will be addressed through all available avenues outlined in the Michigan
Public Health Code. 
5/13/21 Active
Additional Limits on Social Gatherings and Organized Events Occurring Under MDHHS Emergency Order - Gathering Prohibition and Mask Order - Within the Cities of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti Subject to a $500 civil monetary penalty for each violation or day that a violation continues 10/7/20, rescinded 3/4/21 No longer active
Stay in Place Order for University of Michigan Students Subject to a $500 civil monetary penalty for each violation or day that a violation continues 10/20/20, updated 10/23/20, expired 11/2/20 No longer active

Required Facial Coverings 

  10/5/20 No longer active
Gatherings and Events   10/5/20 No longer active
Capacity Limits and Other Requirements for Food Service Establishments   10/5/20 No longer active
Employee Screening for the Workplace   10/5/20 No longer active
Additional Limits on Social Gatherings and Organized Events Occurring Under Applicable Executive Orders Within the Cities of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti   8/19/20, updated 10/2/20 No longer active