Prevention and Risk Reduction
UPDATED Sept 4, 2020 at 3:30 p.m.
Prevention information from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is available in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, Korean, and Chinese. CDC information on reducing risk if thinking about venturing out is available in English, Spanish, Vietnamese, Korean, and Chinese. Find printable materials on our multilingual materials page.
There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
- Reduce your risk
While you can’t eliminate risk when leaving your home, there are ways to stay safer if you do. You can use these scales to consider some of the many factors that could contribute to the risk of an activity. The more low-risk choices you make, the more protection you have from getting or spreading COVID-19. If you’re seeing people, talk to them about how you can stay on the greener side of these categories.
- Practice social distancing when out. Social distancing means keeping at least six feet between people as much as possible.
- Wear a face covering
- Cover your face when out in public, especially if you’re in an enclosed space or you’re likely to come within 6 feet from others.
- Under the Governor’s orders any individual able to medically tolerate a face covering must wear a covering over his or her nose and mouth when in any enclosed public space or crowded outdoor space.
- Learn how to make and wear your own cloth face covering. Given the current shortage of masks, we should make sure our healthcare workers and first responders are prioritized when it comes to surgical and N95 masks.
- If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room. Learn what to do if you are sick.
- Clean your hands often
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, and before eating or preparing food.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Do not touch your face or mouth, especially when out.
- Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care. Stay away from others in your home. Call ahead before going to your healthcare provider. Learn what to do if you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into the inside of your elbow. Immediately wash your hands.
- Clean and disinfect
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
- A list of disinfectants for use against SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes the COVID-19 disease) is available from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This list includes many commonly used products.
- ONLY use cleaning and disinfecting products according to their instructions.
- Cleaning and disinfecting products are not meant to be ingested or used on food! Find more information at FDA, ️CDC, ️and Lysol.
- Use and store cleaning products safely. Call the Michigan Poison Center at 1-800-222-1222 for assistance if you suspect an accidental poisoning.
- Information from the FDA on food safety during coronavirus.
- Businesses and organizations must take steps, including screening and social distancing, to protect workers.
- Continue to stay home and work from home when you can